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Incredible colorized photographs show the immigrants who passed through Ellis Island 100 years ago



In the early 1900s, Ellis Island served as the United States' largest immigration station, processing up to 12 million immigrants between the years 1892 and 1954.

One amateur photographer by the name of Augustus Sherman, who served as Ellis Island's chief registry clerk sometime between 1906 and 1917, photographed a handful of immigrants who passed through. According to the New York Public Library, his subjects were most likely asked to wear their best holiday finery or national dress. 

These stunning portraits, originally published in National Geographic in 1907, have now been brought back to life and colorized by Jordan Lloyd of Dynamichrome. Lloyd's technique includes historical research for accuracy, as well as retouching at an expert level. His book, "The Paper Time Machine," includes these portraits.

All captions are by Dynamichrome.

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"Gákti is the traditional costume of the Sámi people inhabiting the arctic regions spanning from northern Norway to the Kola peninsula in Russia. Traditionally made from reindeer leather and wool, velvet and silks are also used, with the (typically blue) pullover being supplemented by contrasting colored banding of plaits, brooches and jewelry."

"The decorations are region-specific and the gákti is used in ceremonial contexts such as weddings, or signified whether or not one was single or married, but also served as working dress when herding reindeer."

"Hailing from the Germanic-speaking region of Alsace now in modern day France, the large bow known as a schlupfkàpp was worn by single women."

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

The 10 best cities to live in if you want to have an active lifestyle


winter workout running snow

If 2017 is your year to get active, a change of scenery could help you hit that goal. 

When it comes to cities that promote active lifestyles, not all are created equal across the US.

WalletHub pulled together a report on the worst and best cities for an active lifestyle. 

To measure which cities were active, the personal finance website looked at everything from monthly membership fees to how many facilities a city had, how many residents were inactive, and how many people played in team sports. 

Here's what they found, assigning each of the 100 cities with scores up to 100. 

SEE ALSO: Nutrition experts got together and ranked the best diets of 2017 — here are the top 12

DON'T MISS: The definitive, scientific answers to 20 health questions everyone has

But first, those that scored the worst.

Among the worst places for an active lifestyle were Memphis, Tennessee; Laredo, Texas; North Las Vegas, Nevada; Dallas, Texas; and New York.

New York in particular ranked the lowest when it came to how much things cost, as well as how tricky it might be to participate in group activities. Laredo, on the other hand, had the lowest access to facilities or outdoor areas for recreation.


10. Sacramento, California

Sacramento ranked highly in its amount of sports facilities and outdoor activities, placing it in the top ten of the best cities to have active lifestyles. 

Active Lifestyle Score: 52.13

9. Irvine, California

Down in southern California, Irvine had the best score of the 100 cities when it came to how much things cost and how many opportunities there were to participate in activities.  

Active Lifestyle Score: 52.28

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

See inside Trump's 'winter White House,' the luxury Florida resort Mar-a-Lago

It would be incredibly difficult for California to pull off a 'Calexit' and secede from the US


Protesters hold up signs during a march and rally against the election of Republican Donald Trump as President of the United States in Los Angeles, California, U.S. November 12, 2016.

The last time a state seceded from the US, it was the 1860s and a civil war broke out.

Still, history hasn't stopped a small group of Californians from pursuing a breakaway from the union in the wake of President Donald Trump's rise to office.

Since the election, the "Calexit" movement has grown from a hashtag trending on social media to a legitimate campaign for California's independence. Secession backers are now collecting voter signatures to get a measure on the 2019 state ballot which, if passed, would help clear a path for legal secession.

One in three Californians surveyed byReuters/Ipsos in a recent poll want the state to leave the US. Still, the event of a Brexit-like secession remains unlikely.

Many opponents have taken to Twitter to remind Calexit backers that Texas already tried to secede in the past — and failed miserably.

Texas has attempted a "Texit" time and time again. Residents of the Lone Star State passed resolutions calling for a vote on secession recent as March 2016.

One big obstacle: The US Constitution lays out procedures for how a new state may enter the union, but there are no protocols for a nation to exit.

"There's no legal path to secession," Cynthia Nicoletti, an associate professor of law at University of Virginia School of Law and author of the upcoming book, "The Treason Trial of Jefferson Davis: Secession in the Aftermath of the Civil War," told Business Insider last year.

Shortly after Barack Obama was re-elected to the presidency in 2012, disgruntled Texans filed a petition to the White House asking that the administration "peacefully grant" the state the right to withdraw from the union. It racked up over 125,000 signatures. The director of the White House Office of Public Engagement, Jon Carson, dashed their dreams in his response.

Carson wrote that our founding fathers established in the US Constitution "the right to change our national government ... But they did not provide a right to walk away from it."

UT Austin Texas Longhorns mascot

That leaves two paths, according to Nicoletti. "You're going to need a constitutional amendment or you're going to need a revolution," she said.

In 1861, Texas rallied with 10 other southern states to leave the union and form the Confederate States of America. It didn't turn out as they hoped, needless to say. About 700,000 people died in the Civil War, and by 1870, all 11 states rejoined the US.

According to a significant case argued before the US Supreme Court in 1869, they never had the right to exit in the first place.

Nicoletti, a legal historian who said she was surprised to find her subject of expertise relevant once again, explains that while the issue of a state's legal right to secede may have played out on the battlefield when the North defeated the South, Texas v. White made it crystal clear that individual states could not just leave — even if agreed upon by a majority of Texans.

Still, "saying that something is illegal is not the same as saying it's impossible," Nicoletti said.

A state can pass a constitutional amendment that legalizes secession with a vote from three-fourths of the other 49 states. However, Fusion pointed out that amending the Constitution "is a feat difficult enough that it has happened only 17 times in 227 years."

Marcus Ruiz Evans, Yes California Independence Campaign, calexit

The Yes California Independence Campaign, the political action committee leading the Calexit charge, is currently gathering signatures to put a measure on the ballot in 2019 that would allow Californians to voice their support for a departure from the US. If at least half of registered voters show up at the polls for that vote, and at least 55% vote in favor of secession, the results would serve as the state's declaration of independence, the LA Times reports.

If it passes, which is highly implausible, the group may do a few things.

A member of the California federal delegation could go to Washington, DC, and propose an amendment to the US Constitution that would permit the state to bounce the union.

Alternatively, California could call for a convention of the states and the amendment granting California its independence could be voted upon by the delegates to the convention.

Either option ends with a call for congressional approval. Nicoletti said the chances Calexit succeeds are slim to none, and the potential consequences are grim.

"The last time [a state seceded], the consequence was the Union Army," Nicolleti said. "Do I think that there will be troops in the center of San Francisco? I don't know, I mean, I don't know that I take this idea of secession all that seriously."

SEE ALSO: Californians are calling for a split from the US — but one secessionist group has odd ties to Russia

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: People in California are calling for a 'Calexit' after Trump’s victory

Home prices are soaring — here's how much the average home costs in the 15 most popular big cities


zillow fastest growing city housing prices v2

US home prices rose past expectations at the end of 2016, according to S&P/Case-Shiller index data from November.

The 20 city-index, which covers major metropolitan areas like Seattle and Chicago, rose by 5.27%, above economists' expectations of 5.03%, and up from 5.1% in October.

Housing markets in big cities out West, including Portland, Seattle, and Denver, experienced significant bumps in growth, according to the report.

Gains are largely due to a healthy jobs market and historically low mortgage rates, which have increased demand for homeownership since the financial crisis, reports Business Insider's Elena Holodny.

"National home prices continue to grow at a rapid clip, largely driven upward by the now-familiar forces of high demand from home buyers and limited supply of homes available for sale," Svenja Gudll, Zillow chief economist said after the report.

"But even as the pace of home value growth keeps rising, growth in rents is flattening out and stabilizing, which – combined with a series of other factors – will likely begin impacting the for-sale market sooner or later."

New data provided to Business Insider by Zillow underscores Portland's national lead, reporting 13.8% home value growth for the metro over the last year. That's 2% higher than Tampa, purportedly the second most in-demand market.

Below, check out the top-15 most popular big cities — as measured by home value growth over the past year — and what a median-value home looks like in each. 

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15. Phoenix

Median home value: $230,500

Home value growth over past year: 6.8%

14. St. Louis

Median home value: $148,900

Home value growth over past year: 7.1%

11. Atlanta

Median home value: $173,300

Home value growth over past year7.4%

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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The most expensive college in every state


University of Notre Dame

College is expensive — and it's only increasing.

Tuition at both public and private schools continues to rise at a fast clip, and Americans collectively owe more than $1.3 trillion in student loan debt. 

But not all states are created equal. While Harvey Mudd College, the most expensive school in California, runs $69,717 per year, the University of Wyoming, the most expensive school in its state, costs only $26,535 — even less for local students. 

Using data from the College Board's Trends in College Pricing and The Chronicle of Higher Education's helpful interactive chart, Business Insider rounded up the most expensive college in every state. The ranking uses tuition data from the 2016-17 academic year and looks at each school's full sticker price — published tuition and required fees, as well as room and board— rather than tuition numbers alone.

All states were ranked according to out-of-state tuition where applicable. 

SEE ALSO: Here's how much people earn 10 years after attending the 25 best colleges in America

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ALABAMA: Spring Hill College

Location: Mobile

Total cost: $48,488

Tuition: $35,798

Room and board: $12,690

ALASKA: University of Alaska at Anchorage

Location: Anchorage

Total cost: $32,612 (with out-of-state tuition)

Tuition: $21,744 (out-of-state); $7,074 (in-state)

Room and board: $10,868

ARIZONA: University of Arizona

Location: Tucson

Total cost: $47,317 (with out-of-state tuition)

Tuition: $36,017 (out-of-state); $12,817 (in-state)

Room and board: $11,300

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

15 hobbies highly successful people practice in their spare time


Bill Gates playing bridge

The most successful people know there is more to life than simply eating, sleeping, and working.

Everyone needs to enjoy some downtime every now and then, and making the most of your free time by taking up a hobby can even help make you more successful.

Playing a musical instrument, for example, can stimulate your creativity, analytical skills, and fine motor skills.

For a little inspiration, here are the hobbies of 15 highly successful people:

SEE ALSO: 15 high-paying side jobs that will put your hobbies to good use

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Richard Branson plays chess

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Branson is well-known for his adventurous side, and you've likely seen many a photo of the Virgin Group founder kitesurfing and hanging out on the high seas. But perhaps his favorite hobby is far more of a mental activity.

"I think chess may just be the best game in the world," he writes on Virgin's blog. "It combines the greatest aspects of many different sports — tactics, planning, bravery and risk-taking — plus you can have a cup of tea and often a stimulating conversation while you play!"

Branson says he's likely played thousands of games in his lifetime, and he tells The Telegraph afternoons on Necker Island are always spent on the beach, oftentimes playing chess with his kids.

Jack Dorsey hikes

In 2011, when Dorsey was running Twitter and Square full-time for the first time, the cofounder told the audience at Techonomy 2011 that, to get it all done, he gave each day a theme. This allowed him to quickly recall and refocus on the day's task once distractions were out of the way.

Dorsey said he would dedicate his Saturdays to hiking.

Meryl Streep knits

The award-winning actress says she loves to knit, and she's even said to have hand-knitted the shawl she wore in the movie "Doubt."

Streep admits that she spends much of her time on set knitting and finds the hobby to be therapeutic: "For me it was a place to gather my thoughts and understand the contemplative (life) ... it's a sort of clearing out place."

In fact, tons of celebrities, especially actors who have plenty of time to kill on set between takes, love to spend their free time knitting. The list includes Julia Roberts, Ryan Gosling, and Christina Hendricks.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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One of America's hottest new chefs had his office transformed to be more productive — take a look inside

How milk at the bottom of a cereal bowl inspired award-winning chef Christina Tosi to create a cookie empire


Christina Tosi.JPGChristina Tosi is famous for the imaginative creations she serves at the 10 Milk Bar bakeries she owns across the US and Canada. They have imaginative names, like compost cookies, cereal milk, and crack pie. 

She says her love of baking goes back to her childhood. 

"I grew up amongst matriarchs: grandmas and moms and aunts that love to cook and love to bake, so the kitchen was a big part of my upbringing," Tosi recently told Business Insider during an interview at the Kellogg's Cafe in Times Square, where she created a menu of inventive cereals last year. "Baked goods were sort of a vehicle for nurturing and care and love, and that's [why] my happy place is in the kitchen baking."

After culinary school, she started working with Momofuku's David Chang, helping him create a dessert menu for his restaurants. Chang sensed that Tosi needed a project she could channel her energy into even further.

She opened Milk Bar in 2008. Tosi has since won two James Beard Awards and has written two cookbooks that explain how to make the Milk Bar treats that have become cult favorites. 

"It's been a wild ride," Tosi said. "I was just staying true to who I was." 

One of the first items put on the menu at Milk Bar was an ice cream-like dessert called cereal milk. Tosi had created cereal milk as a type of panna cotta for Momofuku back in 2006.

"I was trying to make a flavor of milk that was delicious and interesting, but was more than milk," she said.

Christina Tosi 2.JPG"There's just something about the flavor of milk that tastes like what's left in your bowl, after you eat all the cereal out of it, that is infinitely gettable to anyone and everyone."

Tosi was on to something. 

Milk Bar's original cereal milk recipe used Kellogg's Corn Flakes. Kellogg's, puzzled by the person who kept making such large orders of Corn Flakes, reached out to Tosi. 

"I'm really passionate about using those staple grocery items where you don't need a lot of fancy things to make a really incredible, show-stopping dessert," she said. "There was something about my approach to creating and innovation, along with my love for cereal, that Kellogg's was like, 'Maybe this girl has a little something to her.'"

Tosi convinced Kellogg's that it would be a great idea for them to work together. In 2014 they opened the Recharge Bar in New York City, and in summer 2016, they launched a Kellogg's cafe in the heart of Times Square.

In the same vein as the creations at Milk Bar, the Kellogg's cafe's offerings go far beyond your average bowl of cereal and bananas.

"I found a way to put my creative lens over a bowl of cereal and make it something that was fun, accessible, gettable, but still quirky, and feeding the creative spirit of whoever was eating it," she said.

On February 3, Tosi debuts the cafe's winter menu, which includes three new bowls of cereal: Pucker Up, Baklava, and Do the Twist.

Kelloggs Winter Menu

Pucker Up is based on a specific ingredient: grapefruit.

"I remember as a child my folks were super retro and would eat grapefruit for breakfast. Right? You have a half of grapefruit and a little bit of salt and that was a breakfast trend for a while. So I was like, 'Alright, I gotta find a way to bring grapefruit into this,'" she said. Pucker Up combines grapefruit jam, tarragon, salt, and sugar in the raw.

Baklava is based on a deconstructed dessert. "It's basically taking a dessert that I know and love, that's very classic and everyone knows and thinking about it through the lens of a bowl of cereal," Tosi said.  Baklava is Kellogg’s Frosted Mini-Wheats, toasted walnuts, pistachios, honey and Kosher salt.

And for Do the Twist, Tosi combined milky coffee, the classic combination of chocolate and pretzels, and bright passion fruit. 

Despite all of her training in the most sophisticated of restaurants, Christina Tosi is happiest when she is staying true to herself, whether it's making cereal milk and compost cookies at Milk Bar, or combining ingredients for cereal bowls with Kellogg's.

"I know how to do all of the most refined, fanciful, beautiful desserts but what makes me the most happy is feeding as many people as many cookies as possible," she said.  

Or cereal bowls for that matter.

SEE ALSO: One of America's hottest new chefs had his office transformed to be more productive — take a look inside

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: A master chef shares his secrets to making the perfect bowl of ramen

Here are the extravagant rings given to Super Bowl champions over the years


2002 SB XXXVIII_Patriots Top

After the New England Patriots won Super Bowl XLIX in 2015, owner Robert Kraft ordered 150 rings at a cost of $5.5 million.

Each ring cost $36,500, the most ever for a Super Bowl ring made by Jostens.

But to the victor who earns it, the value of the ring exceeds money.

"It isn't just diamond and gold," said Jerry Kramer, a former Green Bay Packer player who won the first Super Bowl in 1966. "It's a collection of memories and moments."

Minneapolis-based jewelry company Jostens is the primary supplier of Super Bowl rings, in addition to manufacturing the majority of high school and college graduation rings in the United States. It has made 31 rings in the Super Bowl's 50-year history.

Jostens provided us with photos of the Super Bowl rings they've supplied. We have added photos of some of the others.

Super Bowl I (1967): Green Bay Packers 35, Kansas City Chiefs 10

Super Bowl II (1968): Green Bay Packers 33, Oakland Raiders 14

Super Bowl III (1970): New York Jets 16, Baltimore 7

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

This couple got their dream deal on 'Shark Tank' — now they're creating a bagel ball empire


bantam bagels

Nick Oleksak woke from a dream one night in 2012 and scribbled a note on his phone. He had two ideas: a food truck that sells tater tots and miniature bagel balls stuffed with cream cheese.

"This is the one," he said, imagining the ultra-portable New York City bagel. In the morning, his wife, Elyse, said that idea "actually didn't suck." They began baking that night.

Fast-forward to 2017, and Nick and Elyse have grown a small empire around the city's most iconic food. Bantam Bagels, which sells its toasted, crispy-on-the-outside, doughy-on-the-inside bagel bites online and out of a bakery on Bleeker Street, got an investment on "Shark Tank" and a distribution deal with Starbucks. The couple says they're just getting started.

bantam bagels elyse nick oleksak

The Oleksaks had zero culinary experience before setting out to disrupt the bagel. Nick, a former credit broker, and Elyse, who worked in asset management, survived the financial crash of 2007 on Wall Street. Their worlds still upended, they decided to take control of their careers.

"I think [for] a lot of our parents generation, you were successful if you were a doctor or a lawyer. Owning your own business wasn't really glamorous," Nick says.

"Shark Tank" changed that. When the show debuted in 2009, the Oleksaks were hooked.

After Nick dreamt up the bagel balls, the couple started tinkering with recipes in their Brooklyn kitchen. Nearly every night for two years, they came home from work around 6, made dough in a KitchenAid mixer, and set it to rise in the laundry cabinet, which had the right humidity.

"We were right on the coattails of the cronut, but we were trying to be less fancy and a little more iconic," Elyse said. She said the New York bagel had never been turned on its head before.

bantam bagel bite

Bantam Bagels come in nearly two dozen flavors, ranging from the Classic Everything filled with plain, whipped cream cheese to the French Toast, a cinnamon nutmeg egg bagel stuffed with maple syrup-flavored cream cheese. They toast in the oven for six minutes.

The Oleksaks applied to appear on their favorite reality TV show "a hundred times," Nick says. When a "Shark Tank" producer finally invited them on in 2014, the couple wrote study guides in preparation. They watched every episode, quizzed each other on long walks, and even devised body language signals, so they could communicate silently while on camera.

shark tank bantam bagels nick elyse oleksak

They hoped to win over shark Lori Greiner, a seasoned product entrepreneur, and they did just that. Greiner gave the couple a $275,000 investment in exchange for 25% of the business. She calls the Oleksaks once a week, the couple says, and promotes Bantam Bagels on social media.

Before "Shark Tank," the company pulled $200,000 in sales a year. Now they're generating $13 million annually. Customers can find select Bantam Bagels flavors in over 7,700 Starbucks locations, where they retail for $2.95 a pair. A three-dozen pack sells for about $34 online.

With Bantam Bagels' expansion into grocery stores in 2016, demand outstripped the couple's ability to keep up. They moved operations from their bakery to a third-party manufacturing facility in Brooklyn that can handle their operations growth.

Elyse credits the city's water supply as the bagels' secret sauce, but the Oleksaks won't reveal how the cream cheese gets inside the bagel balls.

"I can say that they're real New York bagels, that everything else is done with leprechauns and unicorn dust," Nick said.

SEE ALSO: This Silicon Valley 'smart drug' startup crashed and burned on 'Shark Tank,' but business is booming

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: 'Shark Tank' star Barbara Corcoran reveals when it’s time to quit your job and start your own business

The idea that some people don't respond to exercise might just be a myth


workout fitness exercise

Everyone responds to exercise differently — if you take ten people and put them on the same workout routine for three weeks, some will improve dramatically, but others may not appear to have changed physiologically at all. In some cases, a few people may even appear less fit.

Previously, this led researchers to think that some people are "non-responders," meaning exercise just doesn't work for them.

But more and more research is starting to indicate that the whole "non-responders" idea is just a myth.

One recent study found that people who don't become stronger or more fit from one type of training did respond to other types of workouts— some people respond better to long endurance workouts, others to sprints — but importantly, everyone responded to something.

Now a new study adds even more to the picture, though this one comes with some tough advice.

Everyone responds to training, according to research newly published in the Journal of Physiology, which we spotted in Alex Hutchinson's Sweat Science column at Runner's World. Some people just need to work out more to see results.

This particular study took 78 healthy adults and divided them into five groups, with each going through one, two, three, four, or five 60-minute workouts every week for six weeks. Most people who did only one workout each week didn't become more fit because of the training, but there were also seeming "non-responders" in the groups that worked out two and three times per week.

So the researchers took all those "non-responders" and put them in another six-week program which involved doing two additional workouts each week. So people who had initially been doing one 60-minute workout each week transitioned to three 60-minute workouts (or three hours of exercise total) each week, and people who'd been doing three hours of exercise each week were bumped up to doing five. Everyone's maximum power and cardiovascular fitness improved.

This indicated, the researchers wrote, that exercise is "dose-dependent," meaning that if your body isn't responding to training, you probably just need to do more (obviously, not to the point of injury).

Tough as that may sound, these are encouraging findings, according to Dr. Michael Joyner, a physician and Mayo Clinic researcher who is one of the world's top experts on fitness and human performance, who wrote a commentary to go along with the study in the Journal of Physiology. That's because even modest levels of fitness provide "impressive protection" for health and mortality, he tells Business Insider via email.

Still, in his commentary Joyner points out that many people already have a hard time hitting the recommended amount of exercise, which is at least 150 minutes of moderate activity per week. Even if people know that some more time working out may make a huge difference, that may not be enough to encourage them to do it.

But the fact that we're learning more about this is useful. In some cases, it may encourage people to build more activity into their commutes (like biking or walking to work instead of driving). "I think we need to build as much physical activity into life as possible," Joyner says. He says this sort of active transportation has "incredibly powerful effects on obesity."

In other cases, people might just want to put in the extra time at the gym. And of course, as other research has shown, the best fitness hack to get past non-response may be finding a different workout that does work.

That's one of the reasons most trainers say there's no one workout routine for everyone — instead, find something that works for you and that you like enough to keep doing. When you look at the many benefits of exercise, from improved cardiovascular health to stress reduction and mood-boosting effects, it's worth it.

"I think most people need to do a mixed collection of various activities with some high intensity exercise if possible, but the key to remember is to simply do something almost every day," says Joyner.

SEE ALSO: An expert explains why you should try a high intensity workout like the '7-minute workout'

DON'T MISS: There's a simple test you can do at home to see if your workout is doing anything for you

Join the conversation about this story »

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See inside the swanky party where Trump watched the Super Bowl


trump super bowl

President Donald Trump watched Super Bowl 51 at a swanky party at the Trump International Golf Club in West Palm Beach, Florida.

His wife, Melania, and his chief of staff, Reince Priebus, were both by his side.

See how Trump spent America's biggest sporting event, with some key details from pool reporters at the party:

SEE ALSO: Trump has already signed 22 executive actions — here's what each one does

DON'T MISS: Trump calls Tom Brady his friend and a 'winner,' predicts Patriots will win Super Bowl LI

After a day full of criticizing a federal judge on Twitter for blocking his temporary immigration ban of seven majority-Muslim countries, Trump arrived at his golf club.

Read more about the president's statements on Judge James Robart here »

The Palm Beach Central High School Band played for the Trump's arrival.

A red velvet rope encircled the president's table, separating him from the rest of the attendees.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

Animated map shows the best and worst states to raise your family


Where you decide to live can be crucial to raising a family. There are so many decisions to weigh from education to safety to cost of living. To determine the best states for families, WalletHub looked at 40 indicators across five categories: 1) Family Fun, 2) Health & Safety, 3) Education & Child Care, 4) Affordability and 5) Socioeconomics. Each of the 40 indicators were graded on a weighted 100-point scale, with 100 being the most favorable of conditions.

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Donald Trump's workout and diet routine is ill advised


Donald Trump eating a french fry

Lots of fast food. Almost no sleep. And practically no exercise, aside from the occasional cart-supported round of golf.

This is a routine that a doctor wouldn't advise for a 20-year-old, yet it's the standard for the routine-loving Donald Trump, according to Axios's Trump 101 series, which notes that the 70-year-old is the oldest president to ever enter office.

On the campaign trail, the "three staples" of Trump's diet really were Domino's, KFC, and McDonald's (Big Macs on silver platters), an aide told Axios. That love for fast food is largely due to its consistency and the idea that fast food companies maintain a standard of hygiene, according to an interview Trump conducted with Anderson Cooper and cited in The New York Times.

Still, Axios reports that in the White House, Trump is more likely to favor well-done steaks, crab and shrimp, and the occasional side salad or vegetable to go along with that hunk of red meat (cooked until gray).

Regular consumption of red meat significantly raises the risk of death, especially from cancer and heart disease, according to the NIH — and that consumption is also strongly linked with increased risk for type 2 diabetes.

From a nutritional perspective, the occasional steak is fine, but doctors recommend limiting consumption.

For a healthy diet, one should: "Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits; balance calories; don't eat too much junk food," according to Marion Nestle, Paulette Goddard Professor of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health at New York University.

As far as Trump's diet goes, it doesn't look like he's getting much in the way of any of these categories, either via his main meals or his snacks, according to the aide. For snacks on his plane, the President reportedly relies on Lay's potato chips and Keebler Vienna Fingers.

As for exercise, standard guidelines state that the average person needs at 150 minutes of moderate activity per week. Exercise improves general and heart health, reduces stress, boosts mental clarity, improves sleep, and more, which is probably why both Barack Obama and George W. Bush were dedicated to their fitness routines. Lack of activity isn't new for Trump, who said back in 1997 that he works out "on occasion ... as little as possible."

As for sleep, Trump has said he only needs three or four hours a night. Most people need seven to nine hours of sleep, though about 1% of the population is able to get by on four to six hours. Most of the rest of us are as impaired as if we were drunk after several nights of short sleep, even though we usually can't tell. 

The Axios story says that Trump believes in genetic gifts that will keep him healthy (and he doesn't smoke or drink, though he's a big fan of Diet Coke, which he drinks throughout the day). Fred Trump, President Trump's father, lived until the age of 93 and suffered from Alzheimer's for the six years of his life, according to an obituary. Still, aging takes a physical and mental toll on everyone — most people who manage to stave off those effects do so with intense physical and mental exercise, along with sufficient sleep and adequate nutrition. 

As for how it's working out for Trump, that remains to be seen. He reportedly takes a statin to lower cholesterol along with the hair loss prevention drug finasteride (brand name Propecia). At a Dr. Oz interview, his height and weight were given as 6'3" and 236 pounds, which would give him a BMI of 29.5 and put him firmly in the overweight category (earlier reports had put his weight at 267 pounds). 

Trump is far from the only president to prefer an unhealthy diet — James K. Polk reportedly would request cornbread instead of eating from a banquet of French cuisine. And he may have some genetic traits that help him out a bit.

Still, from a health perspective, if he wants to thrive, he should work on those eating, sleeping, and exercise habits.

SEE ALSO: Trump press secretary Sean Spicer chews and swallows at least 35 pieces of gum a day — here's how that might affect his health

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Here's how you should dress when you're losing your hair


No guy wants to lose his hair.

Unfortunately, by age 35 at least 40% of men have some sort of visible hair loss. It's just something that, by virtue of the hormones and genetics involved, happens. 

But it doesn't have to be the end of the world. In fact, it isn't. Really, we promise.

Even if you're already using remedial solutions like Rogaine and Propecia, there are some ways to dress that can minimize the emphasis on your head. With the help of Phillip Paoletta at Effortless Gent, we've enumerated a few techniques any guy can try. 

Pay attention to color

Ben Kingsly

When there's more skin showing on your head, the color of your skin matters more. Choose clothing with colors that complement it well.

Hair often provides contrast, so you're going to need clothing to pick up the slack. Paler-skinned guys might want to go for darker colors, while guys with a darker complexion should stick with lighter shades, according to Paoletta.

Your eyes will also play a larger role, and if you choose clothing that brings out the color of your irises, that will take some of the emphasis off your bare head.

Try adding some signature accessories

Tyson Beckford

Dress your blank canvas with some added color. Hats, watches, and sunglasses can all be adopted to create interest in your outfits.

They will all serve to break up the roundness of your head, creating a focal point other than your cranium. Glasses can break up the skin tone of your face — the darker and thicker the better.

Even loud accessories like a large watch can help distract people — just don't overdo it, or you'll look like a James Bond villain's henchman.

A word of caution about hats: don't lean on them too much; you're not fooling anyone. It will make you seem like you're ashamed of your head, when what you're really looking to do is own it and project confidence.

Watch your collars

Mark Strong

Paoletta says to avoid low-hanging T-shirts altogether, warning that everything can "blend together." Instead, opt for V-necks, turtlenecks, or collared shirts that are more visually interesting and can help frame your head.

These will give your neck some sharp edges, giving it the appearance of depth and breaking up the probable roundness of the head. 

Lapels on jackets can also help — the sharper the better — as they also help break up the roundness on top.

Dress your age

Jason Statham

There's no going back now. Since you've shaved your head, there's no way you're going to look 18 again.

That means you can't wear cargo shorts, and graphic tees aren't going to help your cause. Avoid wearing large headphones, and don't even think of carrying a kitschy backpack. Even baseball caps are skirting a line and must be worn with care. These clothing choices only serve to emphasize your bare head, as they cause a mismatch for the onlooker.

Instead, you should own it by wearing clothing that is more grown-up, like blazers and collared shirts.

SEE ALSO: Athleisure is not just a trend — it's a fundamental shift in how Americans dress

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