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The latest news from Life
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    Massachusetts

    There's nothing like America's over-the-top real estate to remind you that nearly one-third of the world's billionaires call the US home.

    But luxury comes in many forms — and at varying price points — across the country. Our friends at Trulia helped us compile a list of the most expensive homes currently for sale in every state, plus Washington, DC.

    From a $3 million private island in Alaska to a $180 million European-style estate in California, below are the most expensive homes on the market in every state.

    SEE ALSO: The architect behind Beyoncé and Jay-Z's $88 million house is building a new $500 million LA mansion with 7 pools, a jellyfish lounge, and a casino

    DON'T MISS: Here's how much it costs to buy a home in the 10 hottest housing markets of 2018

    ALABAMA: $11.9 million

    City: Jemison

    Size: 7,500 sq. ft.

    Bedrooms/bathrooms: 5 beds/5.5 baths



    ALASKA: $3 million

    City: Sitka

    Size: 5,200 sq. ft.

    Bedrooms/bathrooms: 4 beds/5.5 baths



    ARIZONA: $19.95 million

    City: Paradise Valley

    Size: N/A sq. ft.

    Bedrooms/bathrooms: 8 beds/17 baths



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    millennial young workers employees meeting

    • Millennials change jobs more frequently than previous generations.
    • They might quit because they feel their work doesn't have meaning.
    • A manager can keep millennial workers from leaving by setting clear goals and assigning tasks that show an understanding of what drives them.

     

    Millennials have a reputation as the "job-hopping" generation. In 2016, a Gallup poll revealed that 21% of millennials said they changed jobs within the past year (more than three times the number of non-millennials who reported the same), and 60% are open to new opportunities.

    There's a secret to keeping millennials workers from quitting, according to BetterUp, a startup that provides "virtual coaching" to tech company managers in Silicon Valley.

    Millennials want to feel like their work has meaning.

    "Americans, for better or worse, are spending more and more of their waking lives at work. So if they're going to spend more time at work than with their family, at least let it be meaningful," saidDr. Jacinta Jiménez, a psychologist who heads up the coaching department at BetterUp.

    Data backs up the claim. Millennials in general work more hours, forfeit more vacation days, and retire much later than previous generations. They also make less money than their parents did at the same age. These conditions can result in burnout or a lack of engagement at work.

    Jiménez says feeling that work has impact can be a huge motivating factor. A manager should set clear goals for their millennial workers and assign tasks that play to their strengths and passions. It shows an understanding of what excites them and trust in their abilities.

    "You're able to bring all of you to work. Your manager understands you as a person and your strengths. And that in itself can create meaning," Jiménez said.

    It might be enough to keep millennial workers from leaving.

    SEE ALSO: These are the 3 skills that every manager should have, according to a Silicon Valley psychologist

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: A woman who's worked in HR for over a decade shares the No. 1 sign it's time to leave your job


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    Flow Kana_Flow Cannabis Institute April 18 2017_1

    Marijuana tourism is on the horizon for California's famed wine country.

    A craft cannabis brand called Flow Kana is building a marijuana processing and manufacturing hub on the site of a former winery in Mendocino County. The company purchased the 80-acre parcel once owned by the founding family of Fetzer Vineyards for $3.6 million in 2017.

    Much like a winery that hosts tours and tastings, the Flow Cannabis Institute will build experiences around the operation. Visitors will eventually tour the facilities where small farmers test, dry, cure, trim, process, and package marijuana for distribution; learn about the plant in seminars and pairing dinners; take a yoga class; and stay at an on-site, pot-friendly bed and breakfast.

    Flow Kana was founded as a boutique delivery service in 2014 in the San Francisco Bay Area. The company only sources from farms that grow outdoors without pesticides.

    The Flow Cannabis Institute is the first of its kind in California, and it enables small and independent farmers to scale and compete with Big Marijuana brands. But is also offers an opportunity for the company to educate new consumers in the long-stigmatized industry.

    This Wonka Factory for weed comes with one major caveat: Flow Kana has no plans to grow or sell cannabis on the property, though a future "tasting room" will give away marijuana for free to adults over the age of 21. California law allows up to an ounce of marijuana to be gifted.

    On January 1, recreational marijuana became fully legal in the Golden State, where medical use has been legal since 1996.

    We spoke with Amanda Reiman, head of community relations at Flow Kana, about what we can expect from the Flow Cannabis Institute.

    SEE ALSO: We went to Napa and the hot destination people are ditching it for — and the winner is clear

    The Flow Cannabis Institute is located two and a half hours north of San Francisco.



    The new home of Flow Kana was the original ranch home for the Fetzer family, regarded as California wine royalty. In its hey-day, the winery produced 1 million cases of wine a year.

    Source: The Sacramento Bee



    Fetzer Vineyards was sold in the 1990s and continues to operate nearby under its parent company. Now, the bucolic property set on 80 acres is about to get even greener.



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    horse show jumping

    The niche sport of equestrian show jumping has caught the eye of some of the wealthiest people in the world.

    For those who can afford to take part in competitions, show jumping offers millions of dollars of prize money and international glory.

    In the US, some of the sport's most high-profile participants are the daughters of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Michael Bloomberg, and Bruce Springsteen.

    But despite the high stakes and noteworthy names that compete, show jumping remains far outside the public eye.

    Here's a look inside the exciting, lucrative, and sometimes dangerous world of show jumping:

    SEE ALSO: There's a budding rivalry between the daughters of Steve Jobs and Bill Gates, Stanford classmates who compete outside of the world of tech

    DON'T MISS: This relatively unknown town in Florida has become a playground for the richest of the rich

    Equestrian jumping has long been associated with royalty.



    Only the wealthiest of families can afford to break into the sport. Today, prized horses can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. The cost of maintaining a horse can easily reach tens of thousands of dollars a month.



    There are various equestrian disciplines, including dressage, eventing, and show jumping.



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    Vancouver housing

    The world's most expensive cities to live in have been revealed in a major survey of almost 300 population hubs.

    The destinations are named in the 14th Annual Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey: 2018.

    It analysed 293 metropolitan housing markets in nine countries — Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Singapore, the UK, and the US — in the third quarter of 2017.

    Using the "median multiple" approach, which involves taking an area's median house price and dividing it by — the median household income. So if the aver gae income was $50,000 and the average house cost $250,000, the median multiple would be 5.

    The method found 26 "severely unaffordable" locations, with the worst offenders in the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and China.

    The survey also looked at all cities, non-major markets included — which is the data we've compiled below.

    Scroll down to see the 10 most expensive cities to live in around the world in 2018.

    SEE ALSO: The 10 most expensive cities to live in around the world in 2017

    10. Tauranga, Western Bay of Plenty, New Zealand — New Zealand's housing is severely unaffordable with an overall median multiple of 5.8, and in Tauranga the average home costs 8.9 times the average income.



    =9. Salinas, Monterrey, California, USA — Located in the county of Monterrey, Salinas — a city with a population of less than 150,000 — has a median multiple of 9.1.



    =9. San Francisco, California, USA — Tied with Salinas is hilly, much more populous San Francisco, also with a median multiple of 9.1.



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank

    Princess Eugenie and her boyfriend Jack Brooksbank, a London socialite, are getting married.

    Buckingham Palace announced the engagement on Monday morning, adding that they got engaged in Nicaragua earlier this month.

    Brooksbank has been described by UK society magainze Tatler as "the king of the London club scene", and is the manager of the Mahiki night club in Chelsea, a royal favourite.

    They will marry at some point this autumn at St George's Chapel in Windsor, the same venue as Meghan Markle and Prince Harry.

     

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: A reporter who met with the former spy behind the Trump-Russia dossier explains why it’s not 'fake news'


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    ed sheeran

    • Ed Sheeran proposed to his long-term girlfriend Cherry Seaborn over Christmas.
    • Sheeran announced their engagement via Instagram on Saturday afternoon.
    • Sheeran and Seaborn first met back at school but didn't start dating until 2015.
    • The pair bumped into each other by chance at a bar in New York while Sheeran was touring.


    Ed Sheeran may be best known for wooing the world with his romantic pop hits, but now the singer-songwriter is officially off-limits.

    26-year-old Sheeran announced his engagement to 25-year-old hockey player and former risk strategist Cherry Seaborn on Saturday afternoon via an Instagram post. The photo — a polaroid of the pair cuddling — is captioned: "Got myself a fiancé just before new year. We are very happy and in love, and our cats are chuffed as well xx."

    Got myself a fiancé just before new year. We are very happy and in love, and our cats are chuffed as well xx

    A post shared by Ed Sheeran (@teddysphotos) on Jan 20, 2018 at 5:49am PST on

    Sheeran and Seaborn first met when they attended school together at Thomas Mills High School in the village of Framlingham in Suffolk, according to The Sun.

    Sheeran reportedly had a crush on Seaborn even back then, despite her being in the year below.

    After they finished their secondary education, Sheeran famously dropped out of school to pursue a career in music.

    Seaborn, on the other hand, went to Durham University then flew across the Atlantic to study Molecular Biology at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina for a short stint. She reportedly chose the university for its hockey facilities, having captained her British team in back-to-back championships in 2012 and 2013, according to her bio on the Duke website.

    Despite their different career paths, the pair came together in 2015 when they bumped into each other in a bar in New York. Sheeran was touring at the time, and Seaborn was reportedly working as a risk strategist at an NYC-based consulting and advisory company.

    They started dating, although their relationship was kept largely under wraps until Taylor Swift, a close friend of Sheeran, threw the happy couple a one-year anniversary party in 2016. Swift posted a photo of the couple to her Instagram, which has since been deleted.

    A post shared by Ed Sheeran (@teddysphotos) on

    Despite keeping their relationship largely private (there are only a few photos of the pair on Sheeran's social media accounts, while Seaborn's accounts are all private), Sheeran has been honest with the press regarding his feelings towards his now-fiancee.

    In an interview on BBC Radio 2 in February 2017, Sheeran said: "I spent every day for a year with this certain person, we kind of have a strong relationship now, which is good.

    "I'm really secure now, we live together and we have cats, and I think when you have cats that's kind of it."

    And according to his engagement post, the couple's cats, Dorito (shown below) and Calippo, are "chuffed" with the news as well.

    Dorito the fluffball

    A post shared by Ed Sheeran (@teddysphotos) on Jan 8, 2018 at 6:18am PST on

    There's no word yet on when the pair is getting married. Nevertheless, 2018 could be a busy year regarding national sweethearts getting hitched.

    The UK's other favourite redhead, Prince Harry, is marrying Meghan Markle in May, while "Game of Thrones" stars Kit Harrington and Rose Leslie have alluded to their upcoming wedding taking place this year, also.

    SEE ALSO: Step inside Jamie Oliver's lavish £8.9 million, Grade-II listed family home complete with seven bedrooms, a huge kitchen, and a super-king bed fit for Louis XIV

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Here's what losing weight does to your body and brain


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    private jet

    From the free-flowing Champagne and luxurious, comfy seats to the abundant Instagram opportunities, there are many benefits of flying by private jet — or so we're told.

    But the biggest draw has to be the flexibility it gives passengers to travel fuss-free to remote islands, exclusive resorts, and lesser-known destinations in a fraction of the time. 

    We asked a selection of private jet charter companies for the standout destinations their planes serve which would be difficult or complicated to reach by other means of travel.

    Keep scrolling to see 11 of the most incredible places in the world that are best reached by private jet, according to the experts.

    SEE ALSO: This stunning Japanese island you've probably never heard of is the top trending travel destination for 2018

    Paro, Kingdom of Bhutan.

    Paro, a valley town in the Kingdom of Bhutan, sits 2,225 m (7,300 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by the Himalayan mountains.

    Bhutan’s Paro international airport is said to be one of the most dangerous to land at, and you can see why in this video.

    The "exciting" descent brings you closer to the mountain tops than normal, according to the tourism board — so you'll want to make sure that you're in safe hands.

    A spokesperson for private jet charter company Victor told Business Insider that a political stop in India is often required for visitors arriving from certain countries, and that it can sometimes take up to 10 days to get permits. However, fly private, and you can arrive direct and have a permit secured on your behalf. 

    The airport is also only served by two commercial airlines, according to the tourism board.



    Norman’s Cay, The Bahamas.

    Instagram Embed:
    http://instagram.com/p/BVDAEpdBhKz/embed/
    Width: 658px


    Bob Seidel, CEO of Alerion Aviation private jet company, told Business Insider: "One destination that is only accessible via private jet is an island called Norman’s Cay in the Bahamas.

    Once the headquarters of the Medellin Cartel, the famous drug smugglers from Colombia, he said: "Today, it is a super exclusive resort being developed by the Four Seasons Owners in Miami."

    They recently extended the runway to accommodate private jets, as beforehand you could only get there by turboprops — or a boat, of course.

    And it looks pretty dreamy. It's popular with travel bloggers and explorers, with a big draw being the iconic plane wreck that crashed in the 1980s, which you can visit in the shallows. 



    Agra (for Taj Mahal), India.

    Luxury private jet tour operator TCS World Travel told Business Insider it has a cunning route to a popular destination, involving exclusive access at a military base.

    Richard Butler, who has has circled the globe 26 times in his role as an expedition leader for the company, said: "The beauty of a private jet is that you can fly point-to-point to places like Agra, where we fly straight into the military airport. Then we stay in a hotel where every room has views of the Taj Mahal so you can watch the sunrise."

    Claire Dineen, marketing manager for the company added: "Commercially, guests would have to land in New Delhi and transport down to Agra by road, taking several hours."

    TCS World Travel takes passengers to the Taj Mahal as part of its "Timeless Encounters" 24-day around the world expedition also stopping at Bora Bora, Dubai, and Prague — that's if you've got the spare $135,000.



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    Elizabeth lines trains

    The first purple roundels marking Underground stations across London's new Elizabeth line have been installed, bringing the 10-year project closer to completion.

    The first signs were put in place at stations including Tottenham Court Road, Farringdon, and Custom House.

    The Elizabeth line is a massive upgrade to the existing underground system. The £14.8 billion project, which connects 30 existing stations with 26 miles of new tunnels, is the biggest construction project ever undertaken in Europe.

    Services from Liverpool Street to Shenfield will open in December 2018 with the full line being operational by the end of 2019.

    The section of the line that will be operational from December 2018 has now been illustrated on an updated Tube map

    The new roundels were installed in January across some of the platforms that are being upgraded for the Elizabeth line.



    The roundels are bright purple, the signature color of London's newest railway.



    The roundels have been manufactured across the UK in sites at Exeter, Glasgow, and the Isle of White, according to the Crossrail Project.



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider

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    princess eugenie engagement getty wpa pool

    • Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank announced their engagement on Monday morning.
    • Buckingham Palace released their official engagement photos a few hours later.


    Princess Eugenie and London socialite Jack Brooksbank announced their engagement via Buckingham Palace on Monday morning.

    Buckingham Palace released the official engagement photographs a few hours later on the Royal Family's Twitter page. Two images were released, a little while after a photoshoot in the Picture Gallery inside the palace.

    Scroll down to see the full-length versions.

    The couple will marry in Autumn 2018, according to the palace's official statement, at St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle — the same venue that Prince Harry will marry Meghan Markle in May this year.

    Brooksbank, 31, has been described by UK society magazine Tatler as "the king of the London club scene." He is the manager of the Kensington branch of the Mahiki nightclub, a venue popular with the younger generation of the royal family.

    He also helps promote Casamigos Tequila, the alcohol brand set up by George Clooney, as a "brand ambassador."

    Brooksbank and Eugenie have been together for more than seven years. They started dating in 2010, while Eugenie was still a student at Newcastle University, where she studied English literature, art history, and politics.

    princess eugenie engagement

    princess eugenie engagement getty wpa pool

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Netflix is headed for a huge profit milestone in 2018


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    princess eugenie sarah ferguson engagement rings

    • Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Princess Eugenie and boyfriend Jack Brooksbank on Monday.
    • The Princess showed off her pink sapphire ring in official engagement photos.
    • Her ring bears a striking resemblance to the one her father, Prince Andrew, used to propose to her mother — his ex-wife Sarah Ferguson.
    • Ferguson's ring cost £25,000 ($35,000) at the time and is now worth around £71,000 ($100,000).


    Princess Eugenie and her London socialite boyfriend Jack Brooksbank announced their engagement on Monday, and Buckingham Palace quickly followed the news with the release of official engagement photos of the couple.

    In the pictures, Eugenie is showing off her padparadscha sapphire engagement ring surrounded by diamonds — and it bares a striking resemblance to her mother's.

    princess eugenie engagement

    27-year-old Eugenie is the youngest daughter of Prince Andrew, the Queen's second-born son, and his ex-wife Sarah Feguson, Duchess of York.

    When Princess Andrew got engaged to Ferguson in 1986, he gave her a large oval ruby ring set in 10 drop diamonds on a yellow and white gold band.

    sarah ferguson prince andrew engagement photos

    Take a closer look at Princess Eugenie's ring:

    princess eugenie engagement ring

    Now, here's her mother's again:

    sarah ferguson engagement ring

    According to Metro, Prince Andrew designed Ferguson's £25,000 ($35,000) ring, which was created by Garrard & Co. It's reportedly appreciated in value since, to around £71,000 ($100,000).

    While the value of Princess Eugenie's ring is unknown, her wedding to the man UK society magazine Tatler described as "the king of the London club scene" is sure to be an event to remember.

    The couple will marry in Autumn 2018, according to the palace's official statement, at St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle — the same venue where Prince Harry will marry Meghan Markle in May this year.

    princess eugenie engagement getty wpa pool

    SEE ALSO: Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank's royal engagement photos have been published

    SEE ALSO: Princess Eugenie is getting married to her London socialite boyfriend in the second royal wedding of 2018

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Expect Amazon to make a surprising acquisition in 2018, says CFRA


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    The Tale Sundance Institute

    • Director Jennifer Fox recounts being sexually abused at the age of 13 in her new movie, "The Tale."
    • Laura Dern plays Fox, who after coming across a story she wrote at 13, begins to uncover her "special" relationship with two adult coaches.
    • The movie is getting an incredible response at the Sundance Film Festival.


    Jennifer Fox has spent her career making documentaries, but with her latest movie, “The Tale,” she’s turned to narrative storytelling and uses the structure to explore her experience with sexual abuse.

    In the era of the #MeToo and Time’s Up movements, “The Tale” is a project that has shown up right when everyone in Hollywood is publicly grappling with sexual misconduct. But the process of making "The Tale" started long before the Harvey Weinstein sexual misconduct allegations kick-started the conversation.

    Unlike documentaries, which can be shot and edited at a quick pace (while a hot-button issue is in the zeitgeist), narrative storytelling takes a lot longer. You have to develop a script, get the money, cast it, shoot it, edit it, and so on. It takes years, and can lead to movies with a social pulse feeling dated when finally released.

    Fox didn’t anticipate our culture’s current examination of sexual misconduct when she decided to make “The Tale,” but sometimes a story and an issue link up.

    "The Tale"

    At 13 years old, Fox wrote a story titled “The Tale” for a school project. It addressed a girl talking about her “special” relationship with two adult coaches — one male, one female. She said the work was fiction, but in fact it was all too true. Fox has now taken it and adapted it into a movie.

    In the film, Laura Dern plays Jennifer. Like Fox, she’s a thriving documentarian. But when her mother (Ellen Burstyn) comes across “The Tale” story she wrote at 13, she sends it to her daughter as she realizes, reading between the lines, that what Jennifer wrote was truth not fiction.

    Jennifer Fox Nicholas Hunt GettyAt first, Jennifer deflects her mother’s theory. Reading the story she composed 40 years ago, she doesn’t see anything that would suggest that the relationships she had with her coaches (the female, her horse riding coach; the male, her running and conditioning coach) were inappropriate. But quickly her childhood memories return, and eventually Jennifer heads out on a fact-finding mission that leads to her confronting the two coaches (played by Frances Conroy and the late John Heard in the present day, and Jason Ritter/Elizabeth Debicki in flashbacks).

    But what is striking about “The Tale” is the unconventional way the story is told.

    Flashbacks and unreliable memories

    Fox uses flashbacks to recount her 13-year-old self in the 1970s. But she often replays scenes and sequences numerous times, as the character receives revelations from friends and family that change what she thought happened. This dramatizes how memory can never be 100% reliable, and shows how the brain can alter facts to cope with bad memories.

    Fox also uses her documentary style, setting up scenes in which grown-up Jennifer asks questions to her younger self, and the two coaches, as if the scenes were revealing one-on-ones for a doc.

    However, the part of the movie that’s going to get the biggest reaction is the graphic nature of the sexual content. Fox doesn’t hold back in showing how the coaches manipulate Jennifer into a sexual relationship with the male coach, with scenes depicting the coach having sexual encounters with her, even taking her virginity.

    The scenes are very tough to watch, but they are essential to the movie. They are not there to glorify or titillate, but to lay out to the audience how the coaches made Jennifer feel she was the one with the power, and was becoming a woman through their guidance, when in fact she was just their pleasure toy.

    Dern gives a powerhouse performance as a strong-willed woman who has to reexamine her life. Child actress Isabelle Nélisse plays 13-year-old Jennifer with a maturity that’s astounding to watch. Burstyn, Ritter, Debicki, Conroy, and Heard all give strong supporting performances (Common plays Jennifer’s boyfriend — but it’s not his best work).

    “The Tale” is the first movie that really epitomizes the #MeToo movement. Though there will likely be a lot of talk about the sex scenes in the movie, this is a story that needs to show the horrors to tell it correctly.

    The powerful stories of victims revealed in newspapers, magazines, and websites since last October is what has made the country take notice. This is not the time to water things down.

    “The Tale” is seeking distribution.

    SEE ALSO: Nicolas Cage's movie at Sundance, "Mandy," uses his vintage, insane acting style to prefection and has all the makings of a cult classic

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: An exercise scientist reveals exactly how long you need to work out to get in great shape


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    • Wax is the body’s natural protection of the ear canal, but too much of it can cause problems.
    • We went to the Clear Ear Clinic in Oxford to get our ears cleared with a procedure calledmicrosuction. 
    • It's done with a tiny vacuum that hoovers everything that's in the ear gently.
    • It takes around 15 minutes to clean both ears.


    Wax is the body’s natural protection of the ear canal. But too much of it can cause damage, including infections or pressure in the ear.

    "Wax is composed of three things: dead skin, the oil that everyone secretes onto their skin called sebum, and a specialised form of sweat called cerumen," ENT surgeon Simon Gane told Business Insider.

    We went to the Clear Ear Clinic in Oxford to get our ears cleared using a procedure called microsuction.

    "It's done with a tiny vacuum that hoovers everything that's in the ear gently," ENT nurse practitioner Sarah Elliott told Business Insider.

    It takes around 15 minutes to clean both ears.

    Ears have a natural clearance mechanism to get rid of the excess wax. But sometimes using earplugs, cotton buds, or drops will prevent this system from doing its job, leading to more buildup.

    There are also other factors that determine one’s wax buildup, such as genetics, and the size of one's ear canal.

    A microsuction for both ears at the Clear Ear Clinic costs £85. Doctors recommend getting your ears checked annually.

    Produced and filmed by Claudia Romeo. Special thanks to Fraser Moore.

    Join the conversation about this story »


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    You may have heard of lucid dreaming, the type of dream where the dreamer is aware of dreaming. Is lucid dreaming a real phenomenon? Sleep expert Matthew Walker explains how much we know about lucid dreams so far. Following is a transcript of the video.

    Jessica Orwig: What if we could control our dreams?

    When most of us dream, our thoughts and actions are involuntary. The dream plays out as if we were watching a movie. But not all dreams are the same. There is another kind of dreaming called lucid dreaming, which is more like playing a video game than watching a movie.

    Matthew Walker: By definition lucid dreaming is simply the act of knowing that you're dreaming whilst you're dreaming.

    My name is Matthew Walker. I am a professor of neuroscience and psychology at the University of California Berkeley.

    Most people actually think of lucid dreaming more in the sense of actually beginning to control what you're dreaming. So, you gain volitional control and you decide what's going to happen during your dream.

    Orwig: Frequent lucid dreamers claim that they can control many parts of the dream such as teleporting themselves to another location, learning to improve real-life skills, or even eating fire. It might sound far-fetched. And until recently we lacked the technology to prove if lucid dreaming was real or not. But a series of recent studies has shed light on the phenomenon.

    Walker: Scientists have designed experiments and they’ve been able to demonstrate objectively that when people say that they're doing something in that dream that they actually are.

    Orwig: In 2012, scientists reported results from one of the first experiments that objectively measured lucid dreams using fMRI scanners.  fMRIs measure the rate of blood flow to different areas of the brain, so they can relay information about a person's thoughts and actions simply through a series of images.


    For the study, scientists first asked participants to clench their fists while they were awake. This lit up key areas of the brain on the fMRI scanner. After that, participants were asked to fall asleep and dream about clenching their fists. Sure enough — similar regions of the brain lit up in both cases.

    Lucid dreaming comes naturally to some, but many of us have never experienced the sensation. However, that doesn’t mean it’s impossible.

    Walker: How can we actually become more capable of lucid dreaming? Well, it's a little bit tricky, but you can certainly try to tell yourself that you will remember that you're dreaming whilst you're dreaming before you actually fall asleep. So, try to go through a mantra chant as it were. Some people actually try to do deliberative things whilst sleeping, like turning on the lights in a room. And that helps them to become aware that they are dreaming at the moment of dreaming itself and therefore they gain lucid control.

    Orwig: Those who can already control their dreams with ease say lucid dreams aren’t only for entertainment but can also be used to expand one's conscious boundaries.

    On the other hand, lucid dreamers have also reported frightening accounts where they have trouble distinguishing reality from the dream. In some cases, this can be a sign of mental illness, and should be taken seriously.

    But why do some people have the ability to lucid dream but not others? And what is happening in our subconscious that triggers the experience? There’s still a lot we have to learn about the causes and effects of lucid dreaming.

    Walker: It seems to be only around 20 to 30% of the population are actually natural lucid dreamers. So, perhaps if it was so beneficial mother nature would have had all of us being table of lucid dreaming. And the fact that we’re not perhaps means that it's not necessarily beneficial. But we actually don’t know. Maybe those 20 to 30% of people who do lucid dream are at the forefront of hominid evolution, and they are going to be the next species of preference. We just don't know.

    Join the conversation about this story »


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    cutting chopping cooking kitchen

    You know when you walk into someone's home and it just feels like ... an adult lives there? That's the way you should feel when you walk into your home.

    It doesn't happen by magic, though. You've got to furnish your space with all the essentials — for cooking, for safety, for everyday storage.

    We checked out two Redditthreads on the topic, as well as some other resources, and put together a list of items every adult home must have. The list is by no means exhaustive, but it's a good launching point. Read on to see what you might be missing.

    SEE ALSO: 31 life skills every functioning adult should master

    Kitchen knife and cutting board

    That's a tip from a Redditor (whose name has since been deleted).

    As Business Insider reported, celebrity chef Anthony Bourdain says no one needs a knife set— you just need one good chef's knife. "Like a pro, you should use the tip for the small stuff, and the area nearer the heel for the larger," Bourdain writes in his 2000 memoir, "Kitchen Confidential."

    Bourdain says you may also find it useful to own a flexible boning knife for fish and meat, a paring knife for vegetables, and a serrated knife for just about anything.



    Basic tool set

    Don't call your extra-handy friend when something breaks in your house — be that extra-handy friend.

    Hatecopsandcats tells you exactly what you'll need: "Hammer, screwdriver, tape measure, utility knife, adjustable wrench, WD40, duct tape." (A commenter adds that you'll need a drill.)

    If you're looking for recommendations, Insider Picks chose the Stanley 65-piece toolkit as the best overall tool kit, though it doesn't come with every single item mentioned above.



    Flashlight

    "You never know when the power will go out," writes squirrelpanic. Plus, the Red Cross recommends that every household has a flashlight in case of emergency.



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    Shaun T headshot 2

    • Shaun T. is the mind behind the viral "Insanity" workout.
    • In his new book, "T is for Transformation," Shaun talks about what motivates him to exercise.
    • Shaun told Business Insider that you shouldn't be afraid to change things up when your fitness routine is getting dull.
    • Trying something new can have benefits for your body and brain.

     

    Working out is hard work. To avoid giving up, a lot of people stick to a specific schedule. Some might do an evening run on weekdays before dinner or a spin class first thing every morning. But the same fitness routine can become monotonous fast.

    This can drive a lot of people — even those who start out feeling highly motivated to work out — to lose momentum and start letting their fitness goals slide. At that point, it's vital to try something new. Research suggests that spicing things up can have benefits not only for the body but for the brain as well.

    Fitness guru Shaun T., the mind behind the "Insanity" workout, told Business Insider that he's found this to be true personally and for many of the thousands of people that he's helped get fit. He created an approach to fitness that aims to transform the body in 60 days using interval training, an equipment-free workout that involves breaking up quick bursts of sweaty movement with short rest periods.

    "If you’re doing the same thing every day, even if you're doing one of my workouts, maybe you need to do something different," Shaun told Business Insider.

    shaun T come on yallAs someone who tries to practice what he preaches, Shaun uses his own workouts to stay in shape. "I yell at myself," he said, describing what it's like to workout to a typical "Insanity" video.

    Still, there are times when he doesn't feel like doing the same routine. To change things up, he advises trying something outside of your comfort zone.

    "Don't force yourself to do something you're not motivated to do," Shaun said. "Get a little uncomfortable."

    By putting away our usual tools and trying something completely different, we're able to challenge the body — and brain — in a novel way. A recent study published in the journal Psychological Science found that older people who were assigned to learn a new skill like quilting saw gains in memory that were still present more than a year later. This suggests that taking up a new exercise hobby, whether it's cycling, dancing, yoga, or kickboxing, could help not only increase your workout motivation but also benefit your mind.

    "Being uncomfortable is the first step to great success. If you're going after something you've never had you have to have uncomfortable moments. If it was easy — if there was no discomfort — we'd all have that amazing body we wanted 100% of the time," Shaun said.

    Beyond benefiting your brain, new workout routines may also help ensure you're getting the best possible physical results from your workouts.

    After extended periods of exercise, the body adapts — meaning that you'll burn fewer calories with the same exact workout once you've done it repeatedly for several weeks or months. For a recent study published in the journal Current Biology, scientists tracked the activity levels of more than 300 people across the US, Ghana, Jamaica, South Africa, and the Seychelles and found that those who got the most exercise burned only as many calories throughout the day as those who were moderately active, suggesting that our bodies naturally try to burn as little energy as possible.

    Switching it up can help avoid this problem because you're working muscles you may not have been using before.

    "A day or two after [trying something new] you're going to be sore because you've never moved in that way. And you're going to thank yourself," Shaun said.

    SEE ALSO: The fitness guru behind the 'Insanity' workout told us the one move you should master now

    DON'T MISS: I tried the science-backed 7-minute fitness routine that's going viral, and it actually works

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: An exercise scientist explains what everyone gets wrong about stretching


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    jane fonda megyn kelly

    • Megyn Kelly responded Monday to Jane Fonda's continued criticism of Kelly over a question the host asked Fonda about her plastic surgery in September. 
    • In a monologue at the end of her "Today" show, Kelly used Fonda's controversial Vietnam War protest to argue that the actress "has no business lecturing anyone on what qualifies as offensive."

     

    Megyn Kelly responded Monday to continued jabs from actress Jane Fonda over an interview Fonda gave on "Megyn Kelly Today" in September. 

    Kelly's interview with Fonda, 80, went viral after the actress responded negatively to Kelly's question about her plastic surgery. Fonda has repeatedly criticized Kelly for the interview since, and on Saturday told Variety that she would appear on "Megyn Kelly" again when Kelly "comes around and learns her stuff."

    "Now, a word on Jane Fonda, who appears to be fixated on an exchange I had with her months ago on this show," Kelly started a monologue at the end of her show on Monday morning. "When she first complained, I chose to say nothing. It's time to address the 'poor me' routine."

    Kelly justified her question by saying that Fonda was promoting a "film about aging," and that the actress had previously discussed her plastic surgery in TV appearances, which Kelly supported with several clips of Fonda's interviews. 

    Kelly then laid into Fonda over the actress' controversial Vietnam War protests, which, Kelly argued, negated Fonda's "moral indignation" over the plastic surgery question: 

    "This is a woman whose name is synonymous with outrage. Look at her treatment of military during the Vietnam War. Many of our veterans still call her 'Hanoi Jane,' thanks to her radio broadcast which attempted to shame American troops. She posed on an anti-aircraft gun used to shoot down our American pilots. She called our P.O.W.s hypocrites and liars and referred to their torture as 'understandable.' Even she had to apologize years later for that gun picture. But not for the rest of it. By the way she says she is not proud of America. So, the moral indignation is a little much. She put her plastic surgery out there. Honestly, she has no business lecturing anyone on what qualifies as offensive."

    Watch the segment below:

    SEE ALSO: Megyn Kelly asked Jane Fonda about her plastic surgery — and the actress wasn’t having it

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    NOW WATCH: Here's how easy it is for the US president to launch a nuclear weapon


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    in n out employee pay

    • In-N-Out Burger pays its employees really well.
    • Store managers earn an average yearly salary of more than $160,000, more than what the typical tech worker in Silicon Valley makes for the year.
    • High wages for fast-food workers can lead to increased productivity, less employee turnover, and bigger profits in the long run.

     

    There's a secret sauce to In-N-Out Burger's success. It pays employees really well.

    The West Coast burger sensation pays store managers an average yearly salary of more than $160,000, which is about triple the industry average, according to the latest California Sun newsletter. There is no college degree or previous management experience required.

    To put this into perspective, tech workers in Silicon Valley earn on average $114,654 for the year, according to a survey from hiring platform Dice.

    "In-N-Out is just eons above everybody else," Saru Jayaraman, an advocate for restaurant workers in the Bay Area and director of the Food Labor Research Center at UC Berkeley, told California Sun's Mike McPhate. "On wages and benefits, they really are the best large chain."

    Employees start at a higher-than-average salary of at least $13 an hour and have the opportunity to advance to six figures as a store manager. A typical architect in California makes about $112,000 a year, while a lawyer rakes in $117,000, according to jobs site Indeed.

    in n out hot burger

    The burger chain offers benefits including 401(k) plans, paid vacation, and dental and vision coverage for part- and full-time employees — a rarefied package in the fast-food industry. In a Glassdoor ranking of the best places to work in 2018, In-N-Out earned the No. 4 spot and beat out tech giants like Google and Microsoft. It was the only restaurant chain in the top 50.

    Denny Warnick, vice president of operations at In-N-Out, told California Sun that paying employees well has always been part of the company culture.

    In 1948, Harry and Esther Snyder opened the first In-N-Out in a Los Angeles suburb with quality service as a central focus. "Paying their associates well was just one way to help maintain that focus, and those beliefs remain firmly in place with us today," Warnick told California Sun.

    It's not an act of charity, according to Jayaraman. Her research shows that paying employees well leads to better productivity, less employee turnover, and bigger profits.

    In-N-Out is growing. The burger chain recently announced it's opening a distribution center in Colorado, which could allow it to expand beyond the West Coast. All stores must be located close to these hubs because of the company's strict policy of serving food fresh, not frozen.

    SEE ALSO: We put In-N-Out and Five Guys to the test in a battle of the burger chains — and the winner surprised us

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Here's how Shake Shack really compares to In-N-Out


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    meghan markle assistant

    • Meghan Markle now has a personal assistant appointed by the royal family.
    • The assistant, Amy Pickerill, has been a senior communications officer for Kate Middleton, Prince William, and Prince Harry for over a year.
    • Pickerill will help onboard Markle and manage her scheduling.

     

    Meghan Markle officially becomes a royal in May, but the perks of the job are already pouring in.

    According to a tweet from Daily Mail correspondent Rebecca English, Markle now has access to a royal personal assistant, Amy Pickerill.

    For more than a year, Pickerill has been a senior communications officer in the press office at Kensington Palace, working closely with Prince William, Kate Middleton, and Prince Harry. Pickerill will now help Markle with scheduling, briefings, and general public relations as her new assistant private secretary.

    The 32-year-old England native has already been spotted out and about with Markle and Prince Harry, often trailing behind the couple and collecting flowers for Markle at official engagements.

    According to the Royal Household job listing site, Buckingham Palace is currently hiring another communications officer and a communication assistant, perhaps in an effort to build out Markle's and Prince Harry's public relations team ahead of the royal wedding.

    The position for communications officer lists an annual salary of $41,860 (£30,000), depending on experience. It's unknown how much Pickerill is earning since transitioning into Markle's right-hand woman, and whether it's permanent or interim. Before joining the royals, Pickerill spent about five years working in public relations at the Royal Bank of Scotland, according to her LinkedIn page.

    Markle's future sister-in-law Middleton was on the hunt for a new secretary last March after her long-time assistant resigned. She later hired Catherine Quinn, the former CEO of Said Business School at Oxford.

    Quinn's duties include supporting Middleton at public events (and collecting all the gifts and flowers she receives there), briefing her on upcoming meetings, making statements on her behalf, responding to letters, and organizing her schedule.

    The royal family is surprisingly transparent when it comes to hiring. Buckingham Palace maintains a page with all current job openings, which include full-time, temporary, and seasonal positions, for the Queen and other members of the royal family.

    SEE ALSO: Meghan Markle has proved her dominance over the 'Kate effect' — and it's worth $677 million

    DON'T MISS: Meghan Markle had a surprisingly relatable life before becoming the world's most famous royal to-be — see her former house, car, and wardrobe

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: The easy steps everyone should take to get out of debt, according to a certified financial planner


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    terrafugia tfx flying car

    Every single year, technology keeps getting demonstrably better and more powerful. 

    More and more tech products are having a profound impact on the way we live our lives.

    But with so many gadgets on the market, which ones do you really need to own? Here are five we rate as essential in the year 2018.

    SEE ALSO: The $300 Nintendo Switch has been great for my relationship

    DON'T MISS: I've owned an Amazon Echo for over a year now — here are my 19 favorite features

    1. A smartphone of your choosing

    Smartphones are the most personal, powerful devices we have right now. They're tiny computers that fit in our pockets.

    But despite the sheer number of phones that exist in 2018, choosing the one for you usually boils down to one question: "iOS or Android?"

    Many people will tell you Apple provides the most reliable smartphone experience with the best security and the fastest updates. Others prefer the openness of Android, which gives users more control over how their phones work and gives them more options for customizing their devices. Android phones also comes in a wider variety of designs.

    Whichever system you pick, you'll have plenty of excellent options to choose from, in terms of devices:

    For iOS fans 

    Apple now sells phones in a range of sizes, prices and capabilities, from the $350 iPhone SE to the $1,000 iPhone X. You can learn more about every iPhone now available right here.

    For Android fans

    On the Android side, the top phones are the Pixel gadgets from the operating system's designer, Google itself. The Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL are the search giant's newest phones, and they're incredible devices. They use artificial intelligence in various clever ways, from passively telling you what music is playing in the background to making your photos look better.

    Most critics love the Pixel devices, but you have plenty of other gorgeous-looking Android phones to choose from. The Essential Phone, Samsung's Galaxy Note 8 and Galaxy S8, the first-generation Razer Phone, and the OnePlus 5T are all standout devices. You can check out our list of top smartphones here.



    2. An Amazon Echo or Google Home smart speaker

    When Amazon released the Echo three years ago, it became the first company to offer a great product that married a smart voice-assistant with a smart home device. Since then, lots of other tech companies and appliance makers have been trying to follow its lead. Google has come the closest with its Home family of Google Assistant-powered smart speakers: the Google Home Mini, the Google Home, and the Google Home Max.

    Apple's HomePod, which will be powered by its Siri voice assistant, won't come out until sometime later this year, after the company initially promised it would arrive by last holiday season. So right now, if you want a top-notch smart speaker, the decision basically comes down to Amazon or Google. Which company do you feel more comfortable letting into your home?

    For me, the answer here is the Amazon Echo, because it’s simple, beautiful, easy to use, and extremely useful. The Echo can hear you from one room to another, thanks to its seven omni-directional microphones, and can respond to you quickly and naturally.

    And the Echo can do all sorts of amazing things, such as call an Uber for you or read you the day’s news. But it’s great at the simple stuff, including setting cooking timers and playing music.

    Having owned an Echo for two years now, I honestly can’t imagine life without it.



    3. Nintendo Switch

    The $300 Nintendo Switch has been on the market for less than a year, but it's already gotten off to an incredible start, becoming the fastest selling video-game console in US history.

    The Switch offers some simple but compelling propositions: Play games on your TV or on the go. Play by yourself or with friends. Compete in your living room or over the internet.

    I’m pleased to say the game machine is even better in practice than it is in concept. Being able to play console-quality games on a handheld device that you can take with you wherever you go is a profound advance in the world of video games. It will change your expectations for what a video-game console should do and what it should be.

    Most importantly, the Switch proves that nobody makes better video games than the master game maker itself, Nintendo.

    "Zelda: Breath of the Wild," which launched with the console, is one of the best games ever created— it even brought my fiancée and me closer together. The other big Switch game from last year, "Super Mario Odyssey," is perhaps the best Mario game ever made, which is saying quite a lot, considering the franchise's incredible history.

    With so many great-looking games on the horizon, the Switch is an absolute must-have gadget in 2018.



    See the rest of the story at Business Insider