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This is everything celebrities like Margot Robbie, Hugh Grant, and Angelina Jolie will be eating and drinking at the BAFTAs


F2018_TOB_TA001 The EE British Academy Film Awards

  • The 71st British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs) will take place on Sunday February 18 in London.
  • The guests at the Royal Albert Hall will be served a three-course meal, spirits, wine, and Champagne.
  • You can see the full menu below.

Award shows are known for their glitz and glamour and fabulous food, drink, and goody bags. The BAFTAs — or British Academy Film Awards — are no exception.

The 71st BAFTAs is happening on Sunday, February 18 at London's Royal Albert Hall, and the attendees — set to include the likes of Margot Robbie, Angelina Jolie, Hugh Grant — are in for a treat.

The organisers shared the menu for the evening with Business Insider after showcasing the food and drink offering at an event called "A Taste of BAFTA" earlier this month.

The three-course menu was designed by Grosvenor House’s Executive Chef Nigel Boschetti and Anton Manganaro, Head Chef at the BAFTA's HQ in Piccadilly.

F2018_TOB_TA155 The EE British Academy Film Awards

Here's everything celebrities will be served at the BAFTAs:


Celeriac cream and apple jelly served with pickled celeriac and apple, golden raisins, seeded crackers, and toasted hazelnuts.


Main course

Lamb cutlet and slow-cooked shoulder of lamb, roast garlic and thyme jus, potato gratin, kale, heritage carrots.

main course

Vegetarian main course

Sweet potato, pan-fried bok choy, ginger and coriander parcel, coconut, mango and chili salsa, basil sauce.

Dessert by Hotel Chocolat

76% Supermilk Nicaragua Chuno Pebble, Sesame and Nigella Seed Brittle, Salted Caramel Chocolate Ganache.



The official spirit of the awards is Rémy Martin Cognac...

F2018_TOB_TA175 The EE British Academy Film Awards

The wine is Villa Maria...

F2018_TOB_TA041 The EE British Academy Film Awards

...And, of course, there will be Champagne — guests can expect to be served Taittinger.

F2018_TOB_TA074 The EE British Academy Film Awards

The EE British Academy Film Awards will be broadcast on BBC One at 9 p.m. on Sunday February 18.

For advice and inspiration from the best creative minds in working in film, games and television, visit www.bafta.org/guru.

SEE ALSO: The 15 best restaurants in London to try in 2018

Join the conversation about this story »

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Churros, pranks, and hallway bobsleds: Here's what Winter Olympic athletes get up to when they're not competing


A German skeleton racer, Anna Fernstaedt, jumps for joy on her bed

Athletes at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang have all had to work hard.

Qualification for the Olympic games requires years of dedication, training, and skill.

So it might be easy to assume that while competitors are preparing for an event they adhere to a strict diet, work out in the gym, and go to bed early.

But some athletes like to let loose.

This involves eating churros, playing elaborate pranks on each other, and riding makeshift bobsleds down hallways inside the Olympic village.

Business Insider has collected photographs from Getty, Instagram, and Twitter to shine a light on how some competitors at the Winter Olympics have been spending their downtime.

Scroll down to find out.

SEE ALSO: The world's first ski tournament for robots was held near the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics — and the pictures are incredible

DON'T MISS: A pair of gold medal winning Canadian figure skaters toned down their 'raunchy' routine because it was like a 'porno'

UP NEXT: North Korean Olympians have a 24/7 surveillance team who will tackle them if they try to run away

Athletes tend to hang out at the Olympic village in Pyeongchang. Some nations send delegations so large they take up multiple floors within the high-rise apartment blocks. North Korea, for instance, has three floors reserved but the competitors are "separated from other nations."


Before athletes check-in, they might sign this "Truce Wall." One of the themes of every Olympics is peace — and that is not lost on athletes. Here, three American lugers (Emily Sweeney, Erin Hamlin, and Summer Britcher) pose in front of peace symbols that were originally designated for the British Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

Once inside, athletes can get together and hang out in the apartments, much like members of the Australian Olympic team are doing right here.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

Silicon Valley parents are raising their kids tech-free — and it should be a red flag


Silicon Valley parents are raising their kids tech free 2x1

  • Silicon Valley parents can see firsthand, either through living or working in the Bay Area, that technology is potentially harmful to kids.
  • Many parents are now restricting, or outright banning, screen time for their children.
  • The trend follows a long-standing practice among high-level tech executives who have set limits for their own children for years.

It's 9 a.m. in Sunnyvale, California and Minni Shahi is on her way to work at the Apple headquarters in Cupertino. Her husband, a former Googler named Vijay Koduri, is meeting his business partner at a local Starbucks to discuss their startup, a YouTube clip-making business called HashCut.

Shahi and Koduri's two kids, 10-year-old Saurav and 12-year-old Roshni, have already been dropped off at school, likely immersed in one of the Google Chromebooks they were issued at the start of the year.

The Koduris' life is that of the quintessential Silicon Valley family, except for one thing. The technology developed by Koduri and Shahi's employers is all but banned at the family's home.

koduri family

There are no video game systems inside the Koduri household, and neither child has their own cell phone yet. Saurav and Roshni can play games on their parents' phones, but only for 10 minutes per week. (There are no limits to using the family's vast library of board games.) Awhile back the family bought an iPad 2, but for the last five years it's lived on the highest shelf in a linen closet.

"We know at some point they will need to get their own phones," Koduri, 44, told Business Insider. "But we are prolonging it as long as possible."

'The difference is, they don't think of themselves as dangerous'

Koduri and Shahi represent a new kind of Silicon Valley parent. Instead of tricking out their homes with all the latest technology, many of today's parents working or living in the tech world are limiting — and sometimes outright banning — how much screen time their kids get.

The approach stems from parents seeing firsthand, either through their job, or simply by living in the Bay Area — a region home to the most valuable tech companies on Earth — how much time and effort goes into making digital technology irresistible.

A 2017 survey conducted by the Silicon Valley Community Foundation found among 907 Silicon Valley parents that despite high confidence in technology's benefits, many parents now have serious concerns about tech's impact on kids' psychological and social development.

"You can't put your face in a device and expect to develop a long-term attention span," Taewoo Kim, chief AI engineer at the machine-learning startup One Smart Lab, told Business Insider. A practicing Buddhist, Kim is teaching his nieces and nephews, ages 4 to 11, to meditate and appreciate screen-free games and puzzles. Once a year he takes them on tech-free silent retreats at nearby Buddhist temples.

Former employees at major tech companies, some of them high-level executives, have gone public to condemn the companies' intense focus on building addictive tech products. The discussions have triggered further research from the psychology community, all of which has gradually convinced many parents that a child's palm is no place for devices so potent.

"The tech companies do know that the sooner you get kids, adolescents, or teenagers used to your platform, the easier it is to become a lifelong habit," Koduri told Business Insider. It's no coincidence, he said, that Google has made a push into schools with Google Docs, Google Sheets, and the learning management suite Google Classroom.

Turning kids into loyal customers of unhealthy products isn't exactly a new strategy. Some estimates find that major tobacco companies spend nearly $9 billion a year, or $24 million a day, marketing their products in the hopes kids will use them for life. The same principle helps explain why fast-food chains offer kids' meals: Brand loyalty is lucrative.

"The difference [with Google] is they don't think of themselves as dangerous," Koduri said. "Google for sure thinks of themselves of 'Hey, we're the good guys. We're helping kids. We're helping classrooms.' And I'm sure Apple does as well. And I'm sure Microsoft does as well."


In San Francisco, parents notice a 'malaise of scrolling'

Erika Boissiere has little doubt that tech is poison to young brains.

The 37-year-old mom of two in San Francisco works as a family therapist alongside her husband. She said they both make an effort to stay current with screen-time research, which, despite suffering a lack of long-term data, has nevertheless found a host of short-term consequences among teens and adolescents who are heavy users of tech. These include heightened risks for depression, anxiety, and, in extreme cases, suicide.

Many of the fellow parents she and her husband talk to have said they notice an anti-tech sentiment, too. Just by living in the world's tech epicenter, the couple has front row seats to what Boissiere called a "malaise of scrolling."

"We live on a pretty trafficked street," Boissiere told Business Insider. In the 15 years they've lived there, she's noticed "a noticeable shift that everybody is on their phones on the bus. It doesn't seem like someone's reading a Kindle, for example."

San FranciscoBoissiere will go to great lengths to prevent her kids, 2-year-old Jack and 5-year-old Elise, from having even the most basic interactions with technology. She and her husband haven't installed any TVs in the house, and they avoid all cell-phone use in the kids' presence — a strict policy the couple also requires of their 28-year-old nanny, who Boissiere said has been caught scrolling on the job.

The couple has devised a strategy to help them stick to their policy. When the two of them get home from work, they each put their phone by the door. On most nights, they'll check the phones just once or twice before they go to bed, Boissiere said. Sometimes she'll break the rule, but more than once her kids have entered the room while she's mid-text, sending their mom fleeing into the nearest bathroom.

Around 10:30 p.m., Boissiere and her husband get in bed and end the day with an episode of "Black Mirror" on their laptop: a dose of morbid reassurance that the anti-tech approach is for the best.

Low-tech parenting has been a quiet staple among Silicon Valley moguls for years

Silicon Valley's low- and anti-tech parents may seem overly cautious, but they actually follow longstanding practices of former and current tech giants like Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Tim Cook.

In 2007, Gates, the former CEO of Microsoft, implemented a cap on screen time when his daughter started developing an unhealthy attachment to a video game. Later it became family policy not to allow kids to have their own phones until they turned 14. Today, the average American child get their first phone around age 10.

Jobs, the CEO of Apple until his death in 2012, revealed in a 2011 New York Times interview that he prohibited his kids from using the newly-released iPad. "We limit how much technology our kids use at home," Jobs told reporter Nick Bilton.

steve jobs ipad

Even Cook, the current Apple CEO, said in January that he doesn't allow his nephew to join online social networks. The comment followed those of other tech luminaries, who have condemned social media as detrimental to society.

Cook later conceded Apple products aren't meant for constant use.

"I'm not a person that says we've achieved success if you're using it all the time," he said. "I don't subscribe to that at all."

Kids aren't necessarily hooked for life

A silver lining to constant tech use is that negative effects don't seem to be permanent.

One of the more hopeful studies, and one often cited by psychologists, was published in 2014 in the peer-reviewed journal Computers in Human Behavior. It involved roughly 100 pre-teens, half of whom spent five days on a tech-free retreat engaged in activities like archery, hiking, and orienteering. The other half stayed home and served as the control.

The tech companies do know that the sooner you get kids, adolescents, or teenagers used to your platform, the easier it is to become a lifelong habit.

 After just five days at the retreat, researchers saw huge gains in empathy levels among the participating kids. Those in the experimental group started scoring higher in their nonverbal emotional cues, more often smiling at another child's success or looking distressed if they witnessed a nasty fall.

The researchers concluded: "The results of this study should introduce a much-needed societal conversation about the costs and benefits of the enormous amount of time children spend with screens, both inside and outside the classroom."

Schools have started accommodating the anti-tech parent

Not all parents who raise their kids low-tech strive to keep the same standards when it comes to education. Koduri's kids, for instance, share a Macbook Air for homework and use Google Chromebooks at school.

But around Silicon Valley, a number of low-tech schools have popped up in an effort to reintroduce the basics. At the Waldorf School of the Peninsula, a private school in Los Altos, California, kids use chalkboards and No. 2 pencils. Faculty don't introduce kids to screen-based devices until they reach the eighth grade.

BrightworksAt Brightworks School, a K-12 private school in San Francisco, kids learn creativity by using power tools, dismantling radios, and attending classes in treehouses.

Meanwhile, at many public schools, technology has become a guiding force, according to educators Joe Clement and Matt Miles. In their 2017 book "Screen Schooled," the co-authors make the case that technology does far more harm than good, even when it's used to boost scores in reading and math.

"It's interesting to think that in a modern public school, where kids are being required to use electronic devices like iPads, Steve Jobs's kids would be some of the only kids opted out," they wrote. (Jobs' children have finished school, so it's impossible to verify if that would have been true.)

The apparent double standard still lingers, they argue. As the authors wrote, "What is it these wealthy tech executives know about their own products that their consumers don't?"

Parents of older kids see changes across generations

On the western edge of the San Francisco Bay, in San Mateo, tech entrepreneur Amy Pressman lives with her husband and two kids, 14-year-old Mia and 16-year-old Jacob. Her oldest child, 20-year-old Brian, is a sophomore in college. (Business Insider has changed each child's name at Pressman's request.)

Though she no longer has control of what Brian does when he's away at school, at home Pressman is strict. There are no devices at the dinner table. After 10 p.m., kids must surrender their phones and leave them charging in the kitchen overnight. Weekly gaming is limited to five to seven hours a week.

This world didn't exist when I was growing up.

Like Koduri, who said he fondly remembers playing outside as a kid and raises his own kids with that upbringing in mind, Pressman longs to return to a more analog world.

"Kids aren't going out and just playing in the street," Pressman, co-founder and president of the software company Medallia, told Business Insider. "My older son would have more of his friends come over and hang out than my younger children do."

In the past few years, the family has gotten a lot better about spending time together, she said. Instead of family members coming home and installing themselves in separate rooms, eyes glued to devices, they now make use of season tickets to the theatre and keep an ongoing ranking of San Francisco's best ice cream shops.

A couple years ago, Pressman planned a trip to Death Valley over a long weekend. The lack of USB charging ports and Wifi were two of the destination's main selling points.

"The connectivity there was pretty abysmal," she said. "That was lovely."

Daily restrictions are tough, but they may be worth it

Pressman and other parents told Business Insider that it's often hard to strike a balance in limiting tech use, since kids quickly begin to feel left out of their peer group. The longer parents try to impose their restrictions, the more they fear they're essentially raising a well-adjusted outcast.

"I've got no role model for how to deal with this world," Pressman said. "This world didn't exist when I was growing up, and the restrictions my parents put on TV use don't make sense in the world of technology when the computer is both your entertainment and your homework and your encyclopedia."

video gamesMany parents who spoke to Business Insider said their best defense against tech addiction is to introduce replacement activities or find ways to use tech more productively. When California droughts wiped out Koduri's backyard, he filled the lot with cement and built a basketball court, which both of his kids and their friends use. When Pressman noticed her daughter taking an interest in computers, the two of them signed up to learn programming together.

These parents hope they can teach their kids to enter adulthood with a healthy set of expectations for how to use — and, in certain cases, avoid — technology. Every so often, they said, a glimmer of hope shines through.

In just the few years since Pressman began advocating for less tech use, her oldest son has started to see the value in cutting back on screens. A math major who prefers to use hardcover books, Brian told his mom he finds digital versions distracting.

As Pressman recalled, the family was in the middle of a long road trip around Christmas last year when, out of nowhere, he surprised his mother with something few parents ever tire of hearing: an admission of error.

"You know how you're always railing on social media, and I thought you were all wrong?" Pressman recalled Brian telling her, referring to her many tirades calling for "real" human interaction. "Well," he said, "I'm coming to think you're right."

SEE ALSO: Confessions of a screen addict — I wake up at 2 a.m. every morning to use my phone and I'm a little worried

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: What happens to your body when you start exercising regularly

Meet the 10 richest Chinese billionaires, who have a combined fortune of $225 billion


jack ma

China is home to more than 10% of the world's billionaires — and a whopping 94% of them are self-made, according to a new report from Wealth-X.

Over the last several years, China's billionaire population has grown rapidly thanks to robust developments in tech, retail, and real estate. The average Chinese billionaire has a net worth of $2.7 billion.

But since so many Chinese billionaires are relatively new to the 10-figure club, according to Wealth-X, "most are still in the wealth-creation rather than the wealth-preservation stage," and have far less liquid cash than their American and European counterparts.

Below, meet the 10 richest Chinese billionaires, whose fortunes range from $14 billion to over $41 billion.

SEE ALSO: Meet the world's 10 richest black billionaires

DON'T MISS: 9 mind-blowing facts about the world's richest people

Jiehe Yan

Net worth: $14.1 billion

Company: Founder, China Pacific Construction Group

Industry: Construction


Zhidong Zhang

Net worth: $15 billion

Company: Advisor, Tencent Holdings 

Industry: Media/Entertainment 

Jun Lei

Net worth: $15.1 billion

Company: Chairman, Xiaomi 

Industry: Electronics


See the rest of the story at Business Insider

Take a rare look inside the luxurious $92 million superyacht that has a sushi bar, a salon, Jacuzzi, and can sleep 16 people


25_GRACE E_Water_Line 303

This week in Florida is the Miami Yacht Show,  which showcases over 500 boats and yachts across 1.2 million square feet. 

One of the most luxurious of these yachts is the Fraser Perini Navi Grace E, which costs about $92 million to buy, according to Fraser's website. Spanning a length of more than 200 feet, the superyacht has seven staterooms and an entire wellness deck complete with a spa and gym.

Keep scrolling for a closer look inside the luxury yacht:


SEE ALSO: Take a rare look inside 8 of the most luxurious superyachts for sale at Miami's premier yacht show

Built by Perini Navi, the Grace E superyacht measures about 240 feet long, and is priced at a whopping $91,931,000.

It has three enormous outer decks, each accessible by a private elevator.

The uppermost deck has its own jacuzzi and an outdoor bar.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

11 insider facts about working at Walt Disney World only cast members know


Walt Disney World princess

• Walt Disney World employees are all referred to as "cast members."

• This includes everyone from the costumed character performers to the ride operators to the people working in retail.

• The park also reflects a show business-like environment by requiring cast members to stay "in character" while in the presence of guests.

Walt Disney World has a rep for being the "most magical place on Earth."

But what's it really like to be one of the people responsible for making the magic happen?

Walt Disney World employs 70,000 "cast members"— the term the company uses to refer to all employees. They all help to run a world-famous park that attracted a record 68 million visitors to Orlando in 2016, according to The Orlando Sentinel.

It's fair to say that these thousands of cast members come to learn a number of secrets about the park that the rest of us tourists might miss.

Business Insider spoke with former Disney College Cast program attendee and "Devin Earns Her Ears: My Secret Walt Disney World Cast Member Diary" author Devin Melendy, Susan Veness, author of "The Hidden Magic of Walt Disney World" series, and Mike Fox, author of "The Hidden Secrets & Stories of Walt Disney World" and founder of the site Disney-Secrets.com

Here's what they had to say about the secrets of working at Walt Disney World:

SEE ALSO: 20 cities are left in the running for Amazon's second headquarters — and the story of Disney's secret hunt for land nearly 60 years ago could predict how Amazon's HQ2 will change its home city

You learn quickly that it's all about the guests

The guest experience is everything at Disney. That's drilled into you from day one. Melendy said that, even though her job consisted of working in retail in Frontierland, she was encouraged not to stand behind the register whenever possible.

Instead, cast members are directed to spread some magic by passing out stickers, fast passes, birthday pins, and free bags and shirts.

"Instilled within the company is this deep commitment to the guest experience," Fox said. "So it always impresses me, especially at the cast member level, the training that goes into helping these folks to provide that superior experience and to see it out on stage and see it executed."

Name tags are an absolute must — even if you're using an alias

Melendy said it's considered "bad show" for a cast members to not wear a name tag. But if you lose your tag, no worries. There's a whole stockpile of gender neutral names like Chris, Sam, and Pat to choose from.

"I lost my first name tag, so I was Chris from New York for two weeks while I waited for my new one," she said.

If you want to play a Disney character, you'd better be good at charades

Melendy said she tried out to become a costumed character, but ultimately didn't make the cut. She said that these performers must go through layers of auditions and costume fittings in order to land the role.

People who are good at improvising have a leg up. During the process, you're asked to pantomime activities, like making a sandwich and washing a dog.

"You were supposed to make these gestures big and dramatic, because if you're in a costume you have to parlay what you're saying without saying anything," she said.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

You can watch 8 Oscar-nominated movies on Netflix right now — and a few more are on HBO and Amazon Prime


Mudbound Netflix final

The Oscars are right around the corner!

And if you're like us, there are a few movies you need to catch up on.

Luckily a bunch of Oscar-nominated films are available to stream right now on Netflix, Amazon Prime, or HBO.

We compiled a list of the ones you can stream for free provided you subscribe to each of these services. (We excluded movies that you had to pay a rental fee on.)

They range from Netflix's sprawling and emotional epic "Mudbound," which was nominated for a slew of Academy Awards including best original screenplay; to "The Big Sick," which you can stream on Amazon Prime and is one of the best rom-coms in recent memory. There are also a ton of documentaries.

Here's the list of eight Oscar-nominated movies you can stream on Netflix right now (and a few more on Amazon or HBO):

SEE ALSO: Gael García Bernal goes deep about romance between artists, robots, and why he'd like to live the life of his character from Amazon's 'Mozart in the Jungle'

DON'T MISS: ‘Black Panther’ is now set to make more than $200 million over the holiday weekend — shattering earlier projections and previous records

1. "Mudbound" — best adapted screenplay, best supporting actress, best original song, best cinematography

Available on Netflix.

Netflix description: "Two Mississippi families -- one black, one white -- confront the brutal realities of prejudice, farming and friendship in a divided World War II era."

2. "Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2" — best visual effects

Available on Netflix.

Netflix description: "Guardians of the Galaxy Vol2. The ragtag, wisecracking band of miscreants known as the Guardians of the Galaxy return to unravel the mystery of Peter "Star Lord" Quill's origins. "Guardians Vol2" introduces new Marvel Universe characters, including Stakar Ogord, played by Sylvester Stallone."

3. "The Boss Baby" — best animated feature

Available on Netflix.

Netflix description: "A kid finds himself at the center of a sinister corporate plot when his parents bring home a baby who only talks business when they're not around."

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

A 24-year old got a mysterious disease where her body attacked her brain — and scientists are learning it's more common than they thought


caroline walsh 2

  • When she was 24 years old, Caroline Walsh started having disturbing symptoms, like forgetfulness and sudden behavior changes.
  • Doctors incorrectly diagnosed her several times before she was properly diagnosed with autoimmune encephalitis, a disease in which the body attacks itself and targets the brain.
  • New research suggests the disease may affect up to 90,000 people each year.

There's a blank year in 26-year-old Caroline Walsh's once-spotless memory.

She's pieced parts together from stories her friends have told her and a collection of photos on Facebook. But she cannot remember the day it all began — when her father found her in the middle of a seizure, her body writhing on the floor. She also can't remember waking up with her hands tied to a hospital bed, begging her sister to help her escape, or the next day when she proclaimed she was the Zac Brown Band.

Instead, Walsh's first recollection of that time is of a recovery room filled with family and flowers. By then, her doctors had diagnosed her with a mysterious disease called autoimmune encephalitis, or AE. While there's lot we still don't know about the condition, experts believe it's part of a larger class of illnesses in which the body turns on itself. A new study from Mayo Clinic researchers suggests it's a lot more common that previously thought. In fact, AE may occur just as frequently as cases of regular encephalitis, the brain swelling caused by viral infections. If that's the case, it could be impacting roughly 90,000 people around the world every year.

In Walsh's case, the disease attacked her brain, setting off a chain reaction of symptoms that mimicked those of other mental illnesses like depression and schizophrenia. If treated properly and early enough, people with AE can make a near-complete recovery. But if they go undiagnosed or land in a psychiatric ward, they can die.

Something brewing

A stroll down a real street called Memory Lane in London leads you to the London Institute of Psychiatry, where J.A.N. "Nick" Corsellis sliced into the brains of three corpses and found the first evidence of AE.

Deep in the dense part of the brain called the limbic system, the normally lithe network of rubbery-smooth tissue had become puffy and inflamed. It was as if something had attacked it from within.

Most of the people these brains once belonged to had been diagnosed with cancer, then seemed to make a full recovery. But their personalities began to change. A partner or friend was usually the first to notice an odd shift in their behavior — usually a progressive increase in forgetfulness, though others experienced a sudden bout of mania or depression. A 58-year old bus driver found himself waking up most days not knowing where he was.

Corsellis saw inflammation in parts of the brain linked with memory and mood, but he couldn't explain what had caused the swelling that triggered the symptoms.

"The first question to arise ... is whether the assertion of a connection between carcinoma [cancer] and 'limbic encephalitis' is now justified, even if it cannot be explained,” he wrote in a 1968 paper in the journal Brain. It was first time the condition was mentioned in a scientific journal.

Walsh's symptoms became noticeable one day at work when she started repeating herself. She joked with a co-worker that she was coming down with early-onset Alzheimer's.

"I was just getting very confused all the time,” Walsh said.

The next week, more mysterious problems cropped up — Walsh had a knack for remembering names, but one day when she met up with some new friends, she introduced herself half a dozen times and struggled to commit anyone's name to memory.

"They'd say it and then a couple minutes later I'd have no clue what their name was or what we were even talking about," she said.

At the office the next day, things got worse. "My personality was just off. I thought it was work. I pulled my boss aside into a conference room and I started to cry, which was just not me," she said. When she wasn't feeling stressed and anxious, she felt depressed.

"Something was just brewing, I could feel it," she said.

When the body attacks itself

Our immune system is our body's defense against the outside world.

Most of the action is coordinated by white blood cells, which direct the lines of attack like football coaches, churning out antibodies that target the opponent for destruction.

white blood cellBut sometimes the process can go awry. In generating an immune response against a virus or other disease, the body can wind up up attacking itself — such issues are known as autoimmune diseases.

It's as if "some wires get crossed," Brenden Kelley, a neuroradiologist at Henry Ford hospital in Detroit who's part of the small community researching autoimmune encephalitis, told Business Insider last year.

Sometimes, this abnormal response can be caused by a virus like the flu or a bacterial infection. Other times, certain types of cancer appear to be the source.

"In picking targets that match the cancer, the body may also pick targets that match places in your body that don't have cancer," Kelley said.

The Mayo Clinic's new study, published in February in the journal Annals of Neurology, suggests that cases of autoimmune encephalitis aren't nearly as rare as researchers once believed. By drawing on data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a medical records database in Olmsted County, Minnesota, the researchers were able to estimate that roughly 1 million people across the globe had autoimmune encephalitis at some point in their life. Each year, roughly 90,000 people may develop AE, they estimated.

"No prior studies evaluated this," Eoin Flanagan, the lead author on the paper and an autoimmune neurology specialist at the Mayo Clinic, said in a statement.

Kelley, who is working on his own forthcoming study of the frequency of AE in young people, said his work echoes Flanagan's findings.

"You can’t diagnose something you don’t know about, or that you don’t recognize," Kelley told Business Insider.

Last summer, he published a study in the American Journal of Radiology to help radiologists like himself better diagnose and understand diseases like AE.

Knee deep in the water

Three months after Walsh first started noticing changes in her personality, she relocated to her childhood home outside of Boston, and saw two doctors who both incorrectly diagnosed her with the flu.

Then one morning around 4 a.m., as her dad got ready for work, he heard a loud crash. He found his daughter on the ground, her limbs thrashing. He screamed her name, but she didn't respond.

The most common cause of the type of seizure that Walsh had — known as a grand mal seizure (literally "great sickness" in French) — is epilepsy. Other causes can include extremely low blood sugar, high fever, and stroke.

At the hospital, Walsh's doctors tested her extensively. But even lumbar punctures or "spinal taps" — how doctors first spot autoimmune encephalitis in many cases — didn't show enough characteristic markers of inflammation to draw a definite conclusion.

caroline walsh 1

When Walsh's sister Alana arrived at the hospital, Caroline was lying motionless on her hospital bed under the harsh lighting. Her hands had been encased in heavily padded mitts that looked like boxing gloves, and were fastened to the railings on her bed to keep her from pulling out the IV tubes keeping her hydrated. She asked Alana to come closer so she could whisper something into her ear.

"You have to fight 'em, you have to get me out of here," Caroline said, motioning her head towards the nurses as she eyed them suspiciously.

When Alana asked her sister what she was talking about, Caroline explained that she'd been abducted while she was asleep and was now being held hostage at the hospital.

A few hours later, after drifting into the sleepy, dazed state she was in for much of her hospital stay, she woke with a jolt and proclaimed she was the country singer the Zac Brown Band. She started belting out her favorite song of his, a catchy tune about taking a break from reality called "Knee Deep."

"Gonna put the world away for a minute," she sang, getting louder with every verse. "Pretend I don't live in it."

When her family couldn't stop Caroline's crooning, Alana got up and closed the doors to her room in an attempt to keep her from waking up everyone on the ward. Caroline continued.

"Mind on a permanent vacation, the ocean is my only medication, wishin' my condition ain't ever gonna go away."

Over the next week, Walsh proceeded to seize more than a hundred times. Alana recalls that nearly every time she sat down to talk with her, Caroline would seize half a dozen times. They weren't massive seizures like the one that had landed her in the hospital, but small, barely perceptible ones.

"You'd know because her eyes would drift away and she'd stare in one spot, she was having little ones almost every minute," Alana said. "She was very shaky and confused; her heart rate was extremely high, and the doctors just seemed so confused by everything every time we talked to them."

Eventually, the doctors decided to put Walsh in a medically-induced coma.

Smoke from the fire

In children, infections like strep throat appear to be a trigger of AE. Susan Schulman, a pediatrician in New York, told Business Insider last year that she had seen hundreds of cases of a related condition, called PANS (pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome), in her patients. Her first case, in 1998, was a five-year old girl from Brooklyn who flew into a panic about keeping special holiday clothes separate from her regular clothes.

"She was driving her mother crazy," Schulman said last year. At first, she believed the girl had childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder, but medication made the child's symptoms worse. She later returned to Schulman's office with a nasty case of strep throat and strangely, after Schulman treated the strep with antibiotics, the OCD symptoms vanished.

"I said you know what, that's odd," Schulman said.

caroline walsh 3Around the same time, an NIH pediatrician named Susan Swedo published an article in the American Journal of Psychiatry describing 50 cases of a phenomenon she called "pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections." Schulman realized that the sudden psychiatric symptoms she had observed in her young patients — which ranged from OCD to rage and paranoia — were likely connected to their infections.

"I see infection as the match that lights the autoimmune reaction. The inflammation is the fire; the symptoms you see is the smoke coming out of the fire," Schulman said.

Autoimmune conditions that affect the brain only represent a fraction of all autoimmune diseases. Scientists have identified as many as 80 others, which range from type 1 diabetes, which develops when the body attacks its insulin-producing cells, to multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis. More are being recognized each year.

Through his research, Kelley hopes to find out what autoimmune diseases that affect the brain have in common so the team can figure out what causes them.

"A lot of these conditions are variants on the same theme," he said.

In Walsh's case, "these are people who tend to not have a lot of other medical problems and then all of a sudden they feel like they're going crazy, they're losing themselves," Kelley said. "It tends to be very clear that something's not right, but precisely what's going on can be difficult to piece together."

Putting the pieces together

When Walsh woke up in her hospital room, she wasn't sure why she was there.

"I was like why are all these people in my room? Why is it decorated with all of these flowers?," she recalled.

A day or so before, a specialist had diagnosed Walsh with autoimmune encephalitis and started her on a regimen of powerful steroids, now considered one of the best treatments for the disease. The drugs began to reduce the inflammation in her brain. The affected area was Walsh's hippocampus, the region responsible for making and storing memories.

"I just remember I kept asking, 'What?' you know, 'Wait, why am I here?' and they would tell me, but I kept forgetting," she said.

caroline walsh 4

The treatment for autoimmune encephalitis can vary based on the trigger, but timing is always key. If doctors treat whatever is triggering the condition, many people with the disease can go on to lead fairly normal, full lives.

"It's a race against time in a way," Kelley said.

In patients whose autoimmune encephalitis seems to be triggered by cancer (as opposed to Walsh’s, which may have been set off by the flu), the treatment focuses on treating or removing the cancer first. “When you remove the cancer, you remove the stimulus," Kelley said.

As Walsh began to regain her ability to remember, she realized she'd have to re-learn a lot of basic things.

"I remember going to get up to use the bathroom, and one of the nurses went to bring me a wheelchair and I was like, ‘Oh no I don't need that,'" Walsh said. "So then I just thought about standing and suddenly I just had no idea, I couldn't function to walk."

She regained those skills over the next 10 days at Spaulding Rehabilitation Center, the same place the survivors of the Boston Marathon bombing were brought after the attack. There, Walsh re-learned how to put one foot in front of the other and how to hold a spoon.

She now works part-time as a nanny and volunteers with Spaulding and the Boston Boys and Girls Club. Instead of going back to sales, she plans to work with children in some capacity. She recently attended a Spaulding fundraising event with her sister, Alana, where she bumped into the physical therapist who helped her walk in a straight line for the first time.

"We were in our dresses and we were both dancing together," Walsh said, "and Alana was like, 'You know she taught you to walk again?'"


This story was originally published in May 2017, and has been updated to include recent findings on the prevalence of autoimmune encephalitis.

SEE ALSO: A mysterious syndrome in which marijuana users get violently ill is starting to worry researchers

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How Brooks Brothers became the de facto clothing brand on Ivy League campuses, Wall Street, and inside the White House


Brooks Brothers

  • Brooks Brothers is America's oldest clothing brand, established in 1818.
  • Brooks Brothers was the first to sell "ready-to-wear" clothing for men, and the first US label to export its clothing internationally.
  • The brand has made its mark becoming the de facto menswear brand for celebrities, Wall Street executives, and US presidents.


In 1818, at 46 years old, Henry Sands Brooks bid $15,250 at an auction and became the official owner of a building at Catherine and Cherry Streets in New York City. That building became the first storefront for Brooks Brothers — back then called "Brooks's New York City."

The evolution of the brand, from a corner store to an internationally renowned and recognized name, is chronicled in the new book "Brooks Brothers: 200 Years of American Style." 

Complete with accounts and quotes from the brand's current CEO, Claudio Del Vecchio, famous fashion designers, and style journalists, the book provides a 360-degree view of how Brooks Brothers was created and how it has stayed relevant.

Brooks Brothers has been the leader of multiple major trends and disruptions within the textile industry. Their invention of the soft-collared button-down polo shirt — which was introduced in the 19th century — has been worn by everyone from Ivy League students to Andy Warhol. This new kind of shirt, at the time, got rid of the need for stiff detachable linen collars.

Brooks Brothers also popularized seersucker in the 1920s and was the first brand to bring linen crash, shantung silk, and cotton cord into the US. But the brand isn't just for men.

As early as 1910, women were borrowing styles, like the polo coat, from Brooks Brothers. According to Life magazine, in the 1940s, female college students from Smith, Vassar, and Wellesley were demanding the brand make women's fit clothing. In 1949, the brand finally introduced their first ever woman-fit polo shirt and has since greatly expanded their women's department. 

Below, take a look at evolution of Brooks Brothers.  

SEE ALSO: How first lady style has evolved over the years

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During the 2017 presidential inauguration, both President Trump and former-president Barack Obama wore Brooks Brothers coats during their greeting.

Today, actors such as Stephen Colbert, a long-time customer, continue to wear the brand. It's been featured in countless television shows such as Mad Men and Gossip Girl, and various movies.

But before it became what it is today, Brooks Brothers went through several name changes after its founder Henry died in 1833. He left the Catherine Street shop and business with his five sons, who officially changed the name to Brooks Brothers.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

'Black Panther' shatters box office records, scores a huge $218 million Presidents' Day weekend (DIS)


Black Panther

  • "Black Panther" earned the best-ever opening weekend at the box office ever for February with $192 million over three days and $218.2 million over the four-day Presidents' Day weekend.
  • It's also the fifth-best opening ever for a three-day and four-day opening weekend, beating out 2015's "Avengers: Age of Ultron."

It looks like everyone took a trip to Wakanda this weekend.

Marvel's long-awaited release of "Black Panther" opened over the weekend and exceeded all domestic box office industry projections. It took in an estimated $192 million over three days and is looking to make $218.2 million by the end of Presidents' Day, according to boxofficepro.com.

That shattered the all-time February opening weekend held by "Deadpool" in 2016 ($132.4 million) and its four-day Presidents' Day holiday earning ($152 million).

The $192 million three-day take is the fifth-best ever, passing "Avengers: Age of Ultron" ($191.2 million). For a four-day opening, the movie is fifth-best all-time, knocking out "Age of Ultron ($204.4 million).

Playing on just over 4,000 screens, Disney gave "Black Panther" the "Star Wars" treatment in regards to blanketing the country with its latest release.

After its Thursday preview screenings took in $25.2 million— the best-ever for February and second-best out of the Marvel franchise — the movie earned an astounding $75.8 million on Friday — the eighth-best Friday opening ever (passing 2012's "The Dark Knight Rises," $75.7 million). Earning around $68 million on Saturday proved that "Black Panther" wasn't front-loaded.

Black PantherBasically the movie industry got a taste of a summer blockbuster in February, a rarity but something that the movie theaters are ecstatic about.

Not even Disney expected this kind of event feel that the movie has had on the country.

From its record-breaking pre-ticket sales months leading up to this weekend and the critical reaction to the movie (97% on Rotten Tomatoes), director Ryan Coogler ("Creed") has brought to the screen a movie that isn't just a money-maker, but an important cultural moment as it gave the black community a long-awaited superhero movie they can call their own.

And telling diverse stories won't end here for Disney.

On March 9, they will be releasing "A Wrinkle in Time," the adaptation of the popular sci-fi novel by Madeleine L'Engle directed by Ava DuVernay ("Selma").

SEE ALSO: Here are all the confirmed original shows coming to Netflix in 2018

DON'T MISS OUR REVIEW: 'Black Panther' is the rare Marvel movie that makes you care about the villain — and Michael B. Jordan delivers an incredible performance

Join the conversation about this story »

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The 24 best science movies and shows streaming on Netflix that will make you smarter


Michael Pollan cooked

If you're looking for something entertaining and beautiful that'll also inform you, there's an incredible variety of science- and nature-focused documentaries and TV shows on Netflix right now.

These films and series showcase the beauty of the planet, delve into the details of how food arrives on your plate, and explore the mysterious and alien underwater world in oceans around the globe.

The downside to all of those options is that there's a lot to choose from. To make it easier, Business Insider reporters and editors have picked some of our favorites from Netflix' selection.

Films come and go from the platform every month, but as of the date of publication, everything on our list should be available. We'll update the recommendations periodically to reflect currently available documentaries.

Here are our favorites, in no particular order:

SEE ALSO: 24 health 'facts' that are actually wrong

"Icarus" (2017)

What it's about: In 2014, filmmaker and amateur cyclist Bryan Fogel contacted Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, the director of the Moscow anti-doping center, for advice about how to get away with using performance-enhancing drugs. In 2015, Rodchenkov was implicated in state-sponsored doping efforts by the World Anti-Doping Agency. So he decided to flee Russia, travel to the US, and to reveal everything he knew about the widespread Russian doping program. 

Why you should see it:  The film mixes crime, sport, international intrigue, and the science of manipulating human performance. It's both thrilling and disturbing — and is especially relevant given the recent ban on Russian athlets competing for their country in the 2018 Winter Olympics. Because of Rodchenkov's revelations, the world will never look at sports — the Olympics especially — the same way again. [Click to watch]

"Cooked" (2016)

What it's about: In this four-part docu-series, journalist and food expert Michael Pollan explores the evolutionary history of food and its preparation through the lens of the four essential elements: fire, water, air, and earth. 

Why you should see it: Americans as a whole are cooking less and relying more on unhealthy, processed, and prepared foods. Pollan aims to bring viewers back to the kitchen by forging a meaningful connection to food and the joys of cooking. [Click to watch]

"Blackfish" (2013)

What it's about: This film highlights abuses in the sea park industry through the tale of Tilikum, an orca in captivity at SeaWorld in Orlando, Florida. Tilikum has killed or been involved in the deaths of three people while living in the park. 

Why you should see it: This documentary opens your eyes to the troubles of keeping wild animals in captivity through shocking footage and emotional interviews. It highlights the potential issues of animal cruelty and abuse involved with using highly intelligent animals as entertainment. Sea parks have historically made billions of dollars by keeping animals captive, often at the expense of the health and well-being of animals. This documentary played a huge role in convincing SeaWorld to stop their theatrical "Shamu" killer whale shows. [Click to watch]

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

Trump supporters have their own dating websites now — and they're already sparking controversy


Donald Trump women kiss

The dating game has become more political than ever. A 2016 Tinder study found 71% of online daters consider political differences to be a dealbreaker.

And now, two online dating sites — Trump Dating and TrumpSingles — have arisen to indulge one side of that growing divide.

The two sites brand themselves as exclusively for supporters of US President Donald Trump, but they're not quite the first of their kind. Politically focused sites catering to Republicans and Democrats seeking love have sprung up in the past. There was even a site for singles who were "feeling the Bern".

And conglomerate IAC — which owns Match.com and a slew of other dating services — caused a stir in 2016 when it locked down the URL "TrumpPeopleMeet.com," though it hasn't used the domain to set up a site yet.

But the language used by one of the two sites has recently sparked controversy.

Trump Dating draws criticism for offensive categories, liberal-bashing


The Wisconsin Gazette reported that Trump.Dating previously hawked its intent to "deport liberals from your love life," although that boast has since been taken off the front page. In fact, the front page doesn't make much mention of Trump at all — aside from its name and branding.

It does feature a blurb on the polarization of American politics, and bemoans the fact that, "While searching for a potential partner on other dating sites, it's not uncommon to see messages like No Trump supporters or Proud liberal."

Trump Dating also attracted criticism for striking an anti-LGBT tone right off the bat. When you kick off the process of starting a profile, you get two options for labeling yourself — "straight man" or "straight woman."

Yet according to Trump Dating's rather strange drop-down menus, married people are welcome. For a relationship status, the site offers options like "have a significant other," "happily married," and "unhappily married."

The ethnicity options also seemed oddly specific. In addition to the typical categories, the site includes choices like "Scandinavian," "Polynesian," "Eastern European," "Western European," "Mediterranean," and "Eskimo," a term used to label the indigenous people of Alaska, Canada, and Greenland that is considered offensive and inaccurate.

Like many dating sites, Trump Dating also wants to get a sense of how you look. It asks about your eye and hair color, and your body type. The latter section gives you options like "tight and toned," "few extra pounds," "big and beautiful," and "big and handsome."

Once you've set up your profile, you can start to get more specific about your interests and personal details. Interestingly enough, the MAGA-themed site also gives you the option of labeling yourself a "liberal" or a "moderate liberal."

The interests section — which doubles as the "attributes you'd seek in a date" category — includes some fairly standard boxes, like "movies/videos," "wine tasting," "fitness/exercise", and "nightclubs/late night." It also features "military men/women," "country western," "police/firefighters," and "single parents" as check-boxes.

But if you'd like to ask a fellow Trump supporter out for "covfefe," you'll have to drop some cash and upgrade in order to message them.

Premium memberships cost $13.95 for a six month plan, $17.95 for a three month plan, or $24.95 for a one month plan. You can, however, "wink" and request to meet people for free.

TrumpSingles promises to 'make dating great again'

TrumpSingles_com_ _Making_dating_great_again_

TrumpSingles, on the other hand, promises to "make dating great again," but doesn't include much messaging on its front page.

The site took forever to load. Once you're in, it asks you if you're searching for "fun," "whatever," "dating", or pursuing a "like-minded friendship."

The dating site boasts an expensive age range — you can hone in on suitors from ages 20 to 92. It also asks you to define your body type as either "slim," "average," "athletic," "a little plump," or "big and lovely."

Both sites were riddled with accounts that used cartoons or stock images as profile photos.

SEE ALSO: 4 tips for landing a date with the Republican or Democrat of your dreams

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NOW WATCH: 'These women deserve to be heard': Ohio Rep. Tim Ryan says Congress should investigate sexual misconduct allegations against Trump

20 incredible photos from one of the most legendary war photographers of all time, who was killed on assignment during the Arab Spring


Nic Bothma_Liberia 2003_2 Hondros

  • Photojournalist Chris Hondros was killed while photographing the conflict in Libya in 2011.
  • He was a renowned photojournalist who covered the conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Sierra Leone, Egypt and elsewhere, believing it was his responsibility to bring the story of those impacted to the world.
  • His childhood friend and fellow journalist Greg Campbell was with Hondros during his final assignment, and directed a documentary tracing his life called HONDROS.

After 15 years covering major conflict zones, Pulitzer Prize-nominated photojournalist Chris Hondros was killed by a mortar shell on April 20, 2011 while traveling with rebels in Libya.

It was and still is an unmitigated tragedy.

Hondros' photos from conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Egypt, and Liberia, among other places, constitute one of the most affecting bodies of work in photojournalism.

His childhood friend, fellow journalist, and frequent story companion Greg Campbell had left Libya just a week before.

"He cared a lot about the people he shot," Campbell told Business Insider. "He always brought the focus to the people impacted by the events he covered. He became well-known for being able to find the human thread through everything."

In a war-zone for the first time in years, Campbell began filming Hondros at work to occupy his mind. After Hondros's death, Campbell decided to collect that footage and to go back to many of the places Hondros photographed to trace his life and work. The documentary, called HONDROS, will be released in March.

Campbell spoke with Business Insider about his relationship with the legendary photographer and shared some of Hondros' most iconic images.

Editor's Note: Some of the images below show graphic scenes of blood and war.

SEE ALSO: This collection of war photography has some of the most haunting images you'll ever eee

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Campbell and Hondros first met freshman year of high school. The two bonded instantly. "He had this unnatural confidence that you don’t see in kids that age ... That self-assurance that he exuded became his trademark throughout his life," Campbell said.

Campbell described Hondros as a person who "set his own rules" and had a "unique ability" to look at a goal, like becoming a foreign correspondent, and set out the building blocks to get there.

"It's empowering to have someone in your life like that." he said. "He was always there to give you a shot in the arm."

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

The secret history of McDonald's Filet-O-Fish, which was almost killed from the menu before becoming Trump's staple sandwich


McDonald's Filet-O-Fish Fast Food Fish Sandwich 8

McDonald's Filet-O-Fish sandwich — the first new non-hamburger item added to the fast food giant's menu — went nationwide in 1965.

• It was the brainchild of Cincinnati-based McDonald's franchise owner Lou Groen.

• Groen came up with the idea when he found that the Catholic practice of abstaining from meat on Fridays was hurting his business.

• At first, McDonald's CEO Ray Kroc hated the idea of "stinking up" the restaurant with fish.

• He reconsidered when the Filet-O-Fish trounced Kroc's "Hula Burger" sandwich in a head-to-head contest.

Believe it or not, the Filet-O-Fish almost missed the menu.

Nowadays, the sandwich is iconic, and responsible for a whole bunch of piscine imitators. Business Insider's Mary Hanbury reported that the Filet-O-Fish is a massive hit during Lent, when many Catholics fast from meat on Fridays.

It's one of President Donald Trump's favorites, too. He's known to put away two of the fish sandwiches at a time, along with two Big Macs and a large chocolate shake.

But the sandwich's enduring success contrasts with its floundering start. Former McDonald's CEO Ray Kroc initially thought that he had bigger fish to fry when Cincinnati franchise owner Lou Groen first proposed the idea in 1962. 

Here's a look at the early history of the Filet-O-Fish, which owes its briny existence to Cincinnati-based Roman Catholics and the fact that most people don't find pineapple-and-cheese sandwiches all that appealing:

SEE ALSO: Underdog McDonald's is defying ridicule to become the ultimate fast-food burger chain

After seeing a McDonald's ad in a magazine, Groen opened his first golden-arched restaurant in Cincinnati in 1959. He also purchased the franchise rights for the city and northern Kentucky. McDonald's was far from the only burger joint on the block in those days, and the market was crowded and competitive.

Source: Business Insider, "Historic Restaurants of Cincinnati: The Queen City's Tasty History"

Before the Second Vatican Council took place in the mid-1960s, Roman Catholics were supposed to abstain from eating meat on Fridays. As it happened, Groen's hamburger-centric eatery happened to be located in a predominantly Catholic neighborhood.

Source: The Catholic Telegraph, The List Show TV, The Baltimore Sun

Groen's son Paul told The List Show that the restaurant was really beginning to struggle because his father 'wasn't doing any business on Fridays.' Meanwhile, the Cincinnati-based Frisch's Big Boy chain was clobbering McDonald's by offering a fish sandwich.

Source: "Historic Restaurants of Cincinnati: The Queen City's Tasty History," The List Show TV

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

There is a good reason why Kate Middleton didn't wear black to the Baftas


kate bafta s

  • The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge attended the British Academy Film Awards (Baftas) at the Royal Albert Hall in London on Sunday.
  • The awards night had an unofficial black dress code in support of the Time's Up campaign in the wake of Hollywood's sexual harassment scandal.
  • Kate Middleton was one of few women not to observe the dress code — but it could be because the royal family is meant to be politically neutral.

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge joined some of the world's biggest stars on the red carpet at the British Academy Film Awards (Baftas) at the Royal Albert Hall in London on Sunday Night.

But while most guests adhered to the "unofficial black dress code" in support of the Time's Up campaign against sexual harassment — Kate Middleton was one of the few women who did not.

Instead, she opted for a dark green dress by Brit designer Jenny Packham with a black velvet ribbon, which some observers suggested was a subtle nod of support to the cause.

There could be a good reason why Middleton didn't wear a full black ball gown. The royal family is meant to be studiously politically neutral, so by choosing not to observe the Time's Up dress code, she kept her views to herself.

Prince William did, however, comment on the role Bafta had played in the fight against sexual harassment in his foreword for the awards' programme.

"Levelling the playing field and ensuring a safe, professional working environment for aspiring actors, filmmakers and craft practitioners – regardless of their background and circumstances – is vital to ensure film remains accessible and exciting for all," he wrote, according to The Daily Telegraph.

"As president, I am proud of the leadership Bafta have shown on this; in a year which rocked the industry as many brave people spoke up about bullying, harassment and abuse despite the risk to their professional careers and reputations."

Kate Middleton arrived with her husband, the Duke of Cambridge and president of Bafta — neither of whom wore the Time's Up lapel pin.

kate ma baftasss

The Duchess, who is due to give birth in April, accessorised her look with a matching diamond and emerald necklace, earrings and bracelet set, and a black velvet clutch.

kate bafta

Some observers suggested the black velvet sash was a subtle nod of solidarity to the movement and its causes.


SEE ALSO: Kate Middleton might break royal protocol by wearing a black dress to an awards show to protest sexual misconduct

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All of the US presidents, ranked from tallest to shortest in one animation


obama trump

  • In January 2018, the "girther movement" erupted on Twitter.
  • The conspiracy theory claims that Donald Trump's height and weight are not what he or his doctors say they are.
  • According to his full health report, Trump is six feet, two-and-a-half inches. That makes him one of the tallest presidents.
  • And at 239 pounds with a BMI of 29.9, Trump sits just below the obesity level. His doctor recommended he workout more.
  • The tallest American president was Abraham Lincoln, at six feet, four inches.
  • James Madison, the country's fourth president, was the shortest at five feet, four inches.
  • In honor of Presidents' Day, this animation shows all of the presidents in order of height, from tallest to shortest.

SEE ALSO: The top 20 presidents in US history, according to historians

DON'T MISS: Trump's reported weight has ignited a 'girther' conspiracy alleging that the president weighs more than 239 pounds

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: How to make America great — according to one of the three cofounders of Black Lives Matter

I take a social media break once a year — and I feel so much better (TWTR, FB, GOOG, GOOGL, SNAP)


Digital Detox Your Brain on Apps 2x1 header

  • I don't post or read social media in the month of December.
  • I've been taking this online break for three years.
  • It's a good way to reset your relationship with Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat, or Facebook. 

A new slang term is spreading around my friends and peers in New York: "extremely online."

As in, "Of course I saw his post. I'm extremely online." Or: "I need a vacation, I've been too online these days." 

Basically, it refers to someone who is living their life on social media on their phones. It's said like a joke, but there's a dark undercurrent to it — you're addicted to "online."

A few years ago, I found myself being "far too online." It started when I couldn't focus on anything. I had an urge, whenever my attention wasn't completely occupied, to take out my phone, and start scrolling my Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram feeds.

Like many people, I can't completely "log off," because of my job, but I needed to do something. The thoughts in my head weren't mine anymore — they were viral tweets, or inflammatory arguments I'd read on Facebook. 

For the past three years, I've taken a break from being "extremely online" during the entire month of December. I have two simple rules:

1. I don't post to social media. 

2. I don't look at social media. 

Now I look forward to December every year. Here's what I do: 

Check to see what my most used apps are

59a0622d6eac40d11c8b49d6 750 1334 (1)The first step is to figure out what your problem apps are. For me, it's mainly Twitter with a little bit of Instagram. Other people might constantly check their Facebook or Snapchat. 

There's a good way to figure out which apps you spend the most time on if you use an iPhone, though it's hidden in Settings > Battery. It tells you which apps you've spent the most time on to help you understand your battery, but it can also be extremely helpful for identifying which apps you spend too much time on.

For me, the top app I was spending too much time on was Twitter, followed by Instagram. A good rule of thumb is that any app you're checking or using more than your primary messaging app is one to consider uninstalling. 

No more bottomless bowls

rice bowl chopsticksThe next step is to remove your problem apps from your phone completely. You'll notice that these problem apps usually have one thing in common: a never ending feed. 

These kind of apps even have a nickname, "bottomless bowls." The term was coined by former Google designer Tristan Harris after a Cornell study that found that people ate way more soup if the bowl was constantly refilled.

That's basically what's happening with your feed content. Most of the biggest apps have designed them to deliver a neverending stream of content. Every time you tap on the icon, you get a small bit of satisfaction from seeing new stuff. 

"News feeds are purposely designed to auto-refill with reasons to keep you scrolling, and purposely eliminate any reason for you to pause, reconsider or leave," Harris wrote in the study. 

Essentially, you're putting an all-you-can-eat buffet of low-quality content on your home screen. This year, I zapped Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, and Snapchat.

It's good a idea to banish all the bottomless bowls on your phone, not just the apps you use the most. The reason: when you remove your favorite apps, you may find yourself gravitating to bottomless bowls you didn't like before. So even if you're not a big Twitter user, uninstall that too. Uninstalling the apps will also remove their notifications on both iOS and Android. 

Tell people — or don't 

The last thing that you might want to do is to send out a single post explaining what you're doing — that you won't be on the site for a while, and that people who normally contact you through social media might want to find other channels.

So on December 1 ever year, I put up a short message telling people about my break. On Twitter, I'll pin the note to the top of my profile. 

However, this is also risky, because your post about quitting social media might get likes or comments, and then that starts the whole cycle of checking notifications and consuming the bottomless bowl again. Plus, it plays into the dynamic that you're breaking away from to begin with — if something wasn't posted on social media, did it really happen?

Personally, I think you need to do it because so many of these feeds are now linked to messaging apps, and people may be trying to reach you through Facebook or Twitter or Instagram. 

For people you correspond with on a regular basis, it's easy enough to switch to texting, or iMessage, or Gchat. But people who you don't know but who want to get in touch still deserve to know why you're not immediately replying, as you probably would have when you were "extremely online." 

In some years, I've also taken the time to delete posts and tweets. That's an optional step, but it can make it easier to stay away when your page is a pristine, seemingly untouched account. 

Of course, it's always possible to just walk away without doing anything. Your page will still be there when you get back. You might find that nobody online even missed you!

Don't stress slip-ups 

Woman Cell Phone AngryI tried to be as strict as possible, but everyone slips up. For example, I retweeted something once during my hiatus in 2017. And sometimes I had to look at tweets and Instagram posts for work. 

But the key is not to give up — the apps will try to drag you back in. For example, you might have uninstalled the Facebook app, but you might still get sucked onto facebook.com on your phone's browser.

As long as you are genuinely trying to stay away from social media, I'd recommend not beating yourself over slip-ups. They'll happen. What's important is that you're trying .

The idea behind the "social media cleanse" is to reduce stress — not raise it. So don't beat yourself up if you find yourself in a bottomless bowl. Just click away as soon as you can. 

How did it work out? 

Kif wears Meta AR headsetI'd like to say that taking a month off of social media fixed all of my mental and physical health issues and that I'm stronger than ever.

Unfortunately, it's not a panacea. It won't change your life. But I do find real value in logging off for a month.

The main thing that I personally notice is that I don't realize how quickly I try to fill my time when I'm waiting in line, or on the subway, or even just on the couch when a commercial comes on TV. 

One result is that I shift my time from low-quality stuff into slightly higher quality time on my phone. Instead of Twitter's nattering nabobs, I listen to interesting podcasts. When waiting in line for coffee, I'll read the New York Times. 

My favorite side-effect is that my ideas are my own. The jokes I'm making with my friends aren't the memes I saw in a feed earlier. I came up with my own opinions about the Mueller investigation without being influenced by tweets or comments that may have come from foreign governments. 

Because I quit social media in December, I do end up missing a number of high-quality valuable posts. Lots of people post year-end messages with family updates, or good wishes for the upcoming year. But one of the great things about algorithmic feeds is that when you log back in, there's a good chance those messages are floating close to the top, because the services know you missed them. And you'll value the people who individually reach out to you more. 

My break from social media is just that — a break. I started posting again on January 2. I also regrettably went back to old habits like checking Twitter at restaurants. But a month off does reset your relationship with being online. I didn't reinstall Facebook or YouTube when I returned to social media, for example, and I don't miss them at all. 

And I'm already looking forward to December this year, when I plan to log off once again. 

SEE ALSO: Confessions of a screen addict — I wake up at 2 a.m. every morning to use my phone and I'm a little worried

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10 up-and-coming healthy fast food chains that should scare McDonald's


Salad and Go drive thru image

Legacy mega-brands like McDonald's, KFC, and Burger King have dominated the fast food industry for decades.

But within the last few years, many American consumers have shown a growing interest in healthier fast food that incorporates more low-calorie ingredients and fresh produce while remaining convenient and affordable.

In late 2016, top food executives from PepsiCo and Campbell Soup Company told Fortune that cleaner food is not just a trend, but a movement. And that shift is spilling over into the fast food market too, forcing legacy chains to try to keep up. In the last four years, Taco Bell has pledged to cut artificial ingredients and use cage-free eggs, and has introduced a lower-calorie menu. McDonald's has  worked with dietitians, removed antibiotics from its chicken, and added more salads to its menu.

But new healthy fast food chains are also seizing the opportunity to compete with legacy brands, creating low-calorie menus for similar prices. These new chains are regional (for now), but they're growing in popularity.

Check them out below.

SEE ALSO: See inside this vertical farm where 65,000 pounds of lettuce grow each year in shipping containers

Leon — a European fast food chain that's coming to the US

The London-based fast-food chain Leon offers wraps, salads, sandwiches, and bowls made from fresh ingredients. 

Launched in 2004, Leon now has almost 50 restaurants in the United Kindom and Netherlands. After a $31 million funding boost in 2017, the company announced it will expand to the US market.

Leon founders John Vincent, Henry Dimbleby, and Allegra McEvedy have said that their long-term goal is to become more valuable than McDonald's.

Salad and Go — A drive-thru salad chain

Salad and Go sells 48-ounce salads for around $6, as well as soups, smoothies, and breakfast items for around $4.

The brand is trying to rival more established drive-thru chains by making the ordering experience fast and convenient, cofounder Roushan Christofellis told Business Insider. 

Since launching in the fall of 2016, Salad and Go now has six locations in Arizona, with plans to open eight more by 2018 and to expand elsewhere in the US by 2020.

LYFE Kitchen — A healthy chain backed by Oprah's former personal chef

Founded in 2011 in Palo Alto, California, LYFE has 20 locations in six states (California, Colorado, Illinois, Nevada, Tennessee, and Texas).

While the chain doesn't explicitly brand itself as healthy, everything on the menu contains less than 600 calories and 1,000 mg of sodium, and the dishes are free of high-fructose corn syrup, butter, cream, trans fats, MSG, and preservatives. Most items cost less than $10.

As noted by First We Feast, LYFE is backed by Art Smith, Oprah’s former personal chef, who has also appeared on "Top Chef."

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

6 ways to keep your skin healthy and smooth during the winter, according to a dermatologist


lotion cream

If it feels like your skin has been screaming lately, you're not alone.

Winter months in cold climates can be a recipe for dry, itchy, angry skin. "Xerosis," if you prefer the scientific term. 

But figuring out how to keep skin moisturized in the winter can be confusing. Should you change your diet? Drink more water? What about supplements and expensive oils? It's all mixed up in a web of pseudo-science and advice from people trying to sell you stuff.

We've narrowed this winter skin to-do list down to a few simple expert-approved tips.

Take a look at the advice, and then go give your skin some relief: 

SEE ALSO: How often you actually need to shower, according to science

Winter-dry skin isn't your fault. There's a vicious cycle at work.

It's a combination of dry winter air, and the skin that's right under your nose, your face, and your hands. Actually, it's covering the surface of your entire body.

The uppermost layers of your skin are called the stratum corneum, and they're kind of like your skin's shield, protecting what's inside, while keeping out bad elements from the environment.

Our so-called "shield" of armor, this stratum corneum, is made from about 10-15 micrometers of dead-cell skin. Scientific studies show these outermost layers play an important part in keeping natural moisture inside the skin.


But when the humidity drops, and winter chill creeps in, the outside air is drier. Then, making matters worse, we use radiators and heaters to stay warm inside, drying out those environments, too.

Our stratum corneum "shield" starts to dry out, opening up the skin's natural barrier.

David Leffell, author of "Total Skin: The Definitive Guide to Whole Skin Care For Life," and chief of dermatologic surgery at Yale School of Medicine, told Business Insider when the stratum corneum gets damaged, natural moisture "leaks out" of the top layers of our skin.

"That's when we start getting itchy, scratchable skin, making matters even worse," he said. And so, the vicious cycle begins. 

The most important thing you can do for your skin is moisturize it.

But remember, not all moisturizers are created equal.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider

The surprising first jobs of 18 US presidents


barack obama ice cream

First jobs are usually a mixed bag; they can be disastrous failures, great learning experiences, or somewhere in between.

• That's the case even for people who go on to become the president of the United States.

• American presidents took on some memorable first roles across history.

The road to the White House isn't always glamorous.

Sure, most US presidents throughout our history have had experience in law, politics, or the military— or some combination thereof.

But many future presidents had rather unconventional first gigs— from plucking chickens to working at a circus to selling comic books at a grocery store.

It's definitely encouraging for anyone who suffered through a weird start to their career.

Here are the surprising first jobs held by Washington, Lincoln, Obama, and 15 other US presidents:

SEE ALSO: 29 American presidents who served in the military

George Washington started working as a surveyor in Shenandoah Valley at age 16

When Washington, the first US president, was 16, Lord Thomas Fairfax gave him his first job surveying Shenandoah Valley in Virginia and West Virginia, according to the official site of Historic Kenmore, his sister's plantation.

Surveyors measure land, airspace, and water, and explain what it looks like and how much there is for legal records.

The next year, at age 17, Washington was appointed the official surveyor of Culpeper County. By the time he was 21, he owned more than 1,500 acres of land, according to American Studies department at UVA.

John Adams was a schoolmaster

After graduating from a class of 24 students, Adams took his first job as as a schoolmaster in Worcester, Massachusetts, according to the University of Groningen's biography of the second US president.

However, the career was not fulfilling for Adams and he was often filled with self doubt, as evidenced by the personal entries in his famous journal, which the Massachusetts Historical Society has posted online. To keep up with his own reading and writing, Adams would sometimes ask the smartest student to lead class.

Thomas Jefferson was a lawyer

Before he became the third president of the US, Jefferson handled 900 matters while specializing in land cases as a lawyer in the General Court in Williamsburg, Virginia, according to Encyclopedia Virginia.

Influenced by his political ideology, Jefferson served clients from all classes. As he wrote in his "Autobiography" in 1821, he wanted to create a "system by which every fibre would be eradicated of ancient or future aristocracy; and a foundation laid for a government truly republican."

See the rest of the story at Business Insider
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